Super full moon

Super full moon
The Moon looks extra-big when it is beaming through foreground objects--a.k.a. "the Moon illusion." Credit: NASA

Mark your calendar. On March 19th, a full Moon of rare size and beauty will rise in the east at sunset. It's a super "perigee moon"--the biggest in almost 20 years.

"The last so big and close to Earth occurred in March of 1993," says Geoff Chester of the US Naval Observatory in Washington DC. "I'd say it's worth a look."

Full Moons vary in size because of the oval shape of the Moon's orbit. It is an ellipse with one side (perigee) about 50,000 km closer to Earth than the other (apogee): diagram.

Super full moon

Nearby perigee moons are about 14% bigger and 30% brighter than lesser moons that occur on the apogee side of the Moon's orbit.

"The full Moon of March 19th occurs less than one hour away from perigee--a near-perfect coincidence1 that happens only 18 years or so," adds Chester.

A perigee full Moon brings with it extra-high "perigean tides," but this is nothing to worry about, according to NOAA. In most places, lunar gravity at perigee pulls tide waters only a few centimeters (an inch or so) higher than usual. Local geography can amplify the effect to about 15 centimeters (six inches)--not exactly a great flood.

Indeed, contrary to some reports circulating the Internet, perigee Moons do not trigger . The "super moon" of March 1983, for instance, passed without incident. And an almost-super Moon in Dec. 2008 also proved harmless.

Okay, the Moon is 14% bigger than usual, but can you really tell the difference? It's tricky. There are no rulers floating in the sky to measure lunar diameters. Hanging high overhead with no reference points to provide a sense of scale, one full Moon can seem much like any other.

The best time to look is when the Moon is near the horizon. That is when illusion mixes with reality to produce a truly stunning view. For reasons not fully understood by astronomers or psychologists, low-hanging Moons look unnaturally large when they beam through trees, buildings and other foreground objects. On March 19th, why not let the "Moon illusion" amplify a full Moon that's extra-big to begin with? The swollen orb rising in the east at sunset may seem so nearby, you can almost reach out and touch it.

Don't bother. Even a super perigee is still 356,577 km away. That is, it turns out, a distance of rare beauty.

Explore further

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Provided by Science@NASA
Citation: Super full moon (2011, March 17) retrieved 16 September 2019 from
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User comments

Mar 17, 2011
I wonder what time it will be directly over the San Andreas fault and the Cascadia subduction zone?

Now that every other major region of the Ring of Fire has had the past 7 years or so, these areas seem "due" to restore the balance.

Mar 18, 2011
This is going to be a great picture of the moon :)

Mar 18, 2011
Too bad the guy in the video thinks 1983 was 20 years ago instead of 1993

Even worse the person who wrote the article apparently watched the video after getting the quote and changes time frames from the beginning of the article ot the end -- first sentance 1993 -- 4th paragraph from the end 1983

Mar 19, 2011
Guys, how does the fact that a moon at perigee happen to be a full moon when viewed from the earth make tides slightly higher than a moon at perigee that isnt a full moon?
I don't get it, if anyone knows plz let me know!

thanks :)

Mar 21, 2011
The last time I had seen a moon like this was in March of 1983.

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