An Olympic Forecast

February 15, 2010 By Emilie Lorditch, ISNS
The medals of the Vancouver 2010 Olympic Winter Games are circular in shape and based on a large master artwork of an orca whale by Corrine Hunt, a Canadian designer/artist of Komoyue and Tlingit heritage. Each of the medals has a unique hand-cropped section of the abstract art, making every medal one-of-a-kind. Credit: © VANOC/COVAN

The Vancouver Winter Olympics will not only challenge world-class athletes, but also a team of almost 100 meteorologists and atmospheric scientists tasked to provide the weather forecasts that keep the events safe and fair as well.

And just like the athletes, these forecasters have spent years getting ready for the games.

"We have been preparing for this since 2004," said Al Wallace, the regional director of weather and environmental operations with Environment Canada's Meteorological Service of Canada. The CMS is responsible for providing the weather forecasts during the games.

Each venue and event will need its own hourly forecast throughout the duration of the games. To meet this demand, the team of scientists had to find a way to measure snow, wind, visibility, and temperature more often and over a wider area.

"The Sea-to-Sky Highway (Highway 99) between Vancouver and Whistler Mountain is also well known for dramatic weather changes," said Wallace.

"What people need to realize is that the standard way to measure snowfall is basically a bucket with a shield around it, and someone goes out every 24 hours and measures it," said Paul Joe, a research scientist with Environment Canada. "For the Olympic Games, we wanted snow measurements every hour, and it's impossible to have a person do that."

The installation of additional automatic weather observing stations helped the scientists get more without having to sacrifice people power. "This helps us fill in the gaps and make better predictions," said Wallace.

The games also gave the team of scientists an opportunity to forecast in new areas of Canada.

"We had never made weather forecasts in the Callahan Valley (the site of the Whistler Olympic Park where the biathlon, cross-country, Nordic combined, and ski jumping events are scheduled) before, and we never made forecasts at Whistler Mountain with that level of detail," said Joe.

Weather can provide an advantage or disadvantage to competitors. Conditions can change in an instant, from one athlete competing to the next, which is why detailed forecasts are important to event officials who can reschedule the events to make sure that weather is not a major factor in which athletes take home the gold.

"For example, the ski jump is very sensitive to changes in wind speed," said Wallace. "It can become unsafe for athletes or if the wind shifts, it could be an unfair advantage."

The team of scientists stated in that part of their federal mandate for the games is to provide weather warning services to support the safety of the athletes, officials and spectators and to ensure the fairness of the sporting events in an article published in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.

No matter who takes home gold, the team of scientists are excited to part of this event and hope that some of the weather instruments testing during this year's games could become part of mainstream use for weather forecasts in the future.

"It's an exciting time. We are doing something for our country and advancing the science," said Wallace. "We have already begun working with the team for Russia in preparation for the 2014 games."

Explore further: China buys an IBM supercomputer

Related Stories

China buys an IBM supercomputer

August 16, 2007

The Beijing Meteorological Bureau in China has purchased an IBM supercomputer to produce weather forecasts during the 2008 Olympic Summer Games.

New marine forecast system launched

February 2, 2006

A state-of-the-art marine weather forecast system has started providing mariners with "nowcasts" and five-day forecasts for most of the Atlantic Ocean.

Forecast: Showers and Thunderstorms

August 1, 2006

People planning baseball games, picnics, and other outdoor events may have more precise short-term forecasts of rainfall in the next few years, thanks to an observing strategy now being tested by atmospheric scientists at ...

Chasing thundersnow could lead to more accurate forecasts

January 13, 2009

( -- The job of one University of Missouri researcher could chill to the bone, but his research could make weather predicting more accurate. Patrick Market, associate professor of atmospheric science in the College ...

Recommended for you

Rainfall's natural variation hides climate change signal

February 22, 2018

New research from The Australian National University (ANU) and ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science suggests natural rainfall variation is so great that it could take a human lifetime for significant climate ...

Seasonal patterns in the Amazon explained

February 22, 2018

Environmental scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have led an international collaboration to improve satellite observations of tropical forests.


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.