Astronomy and Astrophysics is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering theoretical, observational and instrumental astronomy and astrophysics. It was published by Springer-Verlag from 1969–2000, while EDP Sciences published the companion A Supplement Series. In 2000, the two journals merged, with the combined journal known simply as Astronomy and Astrophysics and published by EDP Sciences. The journal copyright is owned by the European Southern Observatory. Astronomy and Astrophysics was formed in 1969 by the merging of several national journals of individual European countries. These journals, with their ISSN and date of first publication are as follows: The publishing of Astronomy and Astrophysics was further extended in 1992 by the incorporation of Bulletin of the Astronomical Institutes of Czechoslovakia, established in 1947. The original sponsoring countries were the four countries whose journals merged to form Astronomy and Astrophysics (France, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden), together with Belgium, Denmark, Finland, and Norway. The European Southern Observatory also participated as a "member country". Norway later withdrew, but Austria, Greece, Italy, Spain, and

EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory
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A binary star as a cosmic particle accelerator

With a specialized telescope in Namibia a DESY-led team of researchers has proven a certain type of binary star as a new kind of source for very high-energy cosmic gamma-radiation. Eta Carinae is located 7500 lightyears away ...

Astronomers see unexpected molecule in exoplanet atmosphere

SRON-astronomers have found the signature for aluminum oxide (AlO) in the spectrum of exoplanet WASP-43b. This came as a surprise because AlO is expected to stay hidden in the lower atmospheric layers. It is only the second ...

Revealing the magnetic nature of tornadoes in the sun's atmosphere

The first direct measurements of the magnetic field in the chromosphere of the sun by a team including University of Warwick physicists has provided the first observational evidence that huge tornadoes in our sun's atmosphere ...

Planets must be formed early, study finds

Scientists have found evidence that planets form in a blink of an eye on a cosmic scale. New results, obtained using the combined power of Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) and Very Large Array (VLA), show ...

Supergiant atmosphere of Antares revealed by radio telescopes

An international team of astronomers has created the most detailed map yet of the atmosphere of the red supergiant star Antares. The unprecedented sensitivity and resolution of both the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter ...

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