Astronomy May 31, 2023

New theoretical model claims to solve mystery of early massive galaxies

Astrophysicists from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem published a new theoretical model that solves the mystery of the formation of early massive galaxies in the universe, in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. ...

Plasma Physics May 30, 2023

Small fusion experiment hits temperatures hotter than the sun's core

To produce commercial energy, future fusion power plants will need to achieve temperatures of 100 million degrees C. To do so requires careful control of the plasma. In a study published in the journal Nuclear Fusion, researchers ...

Archaeology May 30, 2023

Study finds Neanderthals manufactured synthetic material with underground distillation

Researchers at the Eberhard Karls University of TĂĽbingen and colleagues in Germany have taken a closer look at the birch tar used to affix Neanderthal tools and found a much more complex technique for creating the adhesive ...

Plants & Animals May 30, 2023

Marine fish are responding to ocean warming by relocating towards the poles

The majority of fish populations in the sea are responding to global warming by relocating towards colder waters nearer the north and south poles, according to the latest research on the impact of climate change on our oceans.

Planetary Sciences May 29, 2023

One-third of galaxy's most common planets could be in habitable zone

Our familiar, warm, yellow sun is a relative rarity in the Milky Way. By far the most common stars are considerably smaller and cooler, sporting just half the mass of our sun at most. Billions of planets orbit these common ...

Astronomy May 29, 2023

X-ray emissions from black hole jets vary unexpectedly, challenging leading model of particle acceleration

Researchers discovered only relatively recently that black hole jets emit X-rays, and how the jets accelerate particles to this high-energy state is still a mystery. Surprising new findings in Nature Astronomy appear to rule ...

Environment May 29, 2023

120-city study: 22% reduction in urban traffic emissions in 15 years without quality of life decline is possible

How do you make transport in the world's big cities more climate-friendly without putting too much pressure on people? A model-based study of 120 major cities around the globe now shows how these two major goals can be reconciled. ...

Earth Sciences May 29, 2023

Examining the role of Hadley cells in ongoing climate change

In the tropics, above the equatorial rainforests and oceans, the strong solar radiation hitting Earth propels a stream of warm, moist air far upward.

Polymers May 29, 2023

New-look infrared lens shines a light on future technology and manufacturing

Researchers at Flinders University have discovered a new low-cost material that can be made into lenses for thermal imaging—pointing to new advanced manufacturing applications for this powerful technology.

Space Exploration May 29, 2023

UAE announces groundbreaking mission to asteroid belt, seeking clues to life's origins

The United Arab Emirates unveiled plans Monday to send a spaceship to explore the solar system's main asteroid belt, the latest space project by the oil-rich nation after it launched the successful Hope spacecraft to Mars ...

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