Study finds fungi, not plant matter, responsible for most carbon sequestration in northern forests
Microbiologist discovers new super-preservative
Gold-palladium nanoparticles achieve greener, smarter production of hydrogen peroxide
Hydrogen peroxide is one of the world's most versatile and widely used chemicals. A powerful oxidizing agent, H2O2 is commonly used as a bleach, an antiseptic and a disinfectant.
Termites evolved complex bioreactors 30 million years ago
Achieving complete breakdown of plant biomass for energy conversion in industrialized bioreactors remains a complex challenge, but new research shows that termite fungus farmers solved this problem more than ...
Decomposing logs show local factors undervalued in climate change predictions
A new Yale-led study challenges the long-held assumption that climate is the primary driver of how quickly organic matter decomposes in different regions, a key piece of information used in formulating climate ...
Field study suggests decreased diversity reduces liter decomposition rates
Study offers insight into converting wood to bio-oil
(Phys.org)—New research from North Carolina State University provides molecular-level insights into how cellulose – the most common organic compound on Earth and the main structural component of plant ...
Selective tumor treatment: β-galactosidase releases active agent from prodrugs
(Phys.org)—One of the largest challenges of chemotherapy lies in the fact that cancer cells must be killed while healthy tissue must be protected. French researchers have now introduced a new approach in ...
Unexpected finding shows fungi may not help store climate change's extra carbon
Fungi found in plants may not be the answer to mitigating climate change by storing additional carbon in soils as some previously thought, according to an international team of plant biologists.
European Arctic forests expansion could result in carbon dioxide release: study
Carbon stored in Arctic tundra could be released into the atmosphere by new trees growing in the warmer region, exacerbating climate change, scientists have revealed.
International study provides new insights into river health
(Phys.org) -- A new international study of leaf-litter decomposition in streams aims to narrow the gap between existing methods of monitoring nutrient pollution in stream ecosystems.
Predators have outsized influence over habitats, research says
A grasshopper's change in diet to high-energy carbohydrates while being hunted by spiders may affect the way soil releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, according to Yale and Hebrew University researchers ...
Exploding dinosaur hypothesis implodes
Exploding carcasses through putrefaction gases - this is how science explained the mysterious bone arrangements in almost fully preserved dinosaur skeletons for decades. Now a Swiss-German research team has ...
Colorful leaves: New chlorophyll decomposition product found in Norway maple
(PhysOrg.com) -- Autumn is right around the corner in the northern hemisphere and the leaves are beginning to change color. The cause of this wonderful display of reds, yellows, and oranges is the decomposition ...