Using scientific methods to evaluate trade-offs of hydraulic fracturing
In Colorado, drilling for oil and natural gas using hydraulic fracturing, sometimes referred to as fracking, is big business. But, questions about its impact on the air and water are far from settled.
Rare 2.5-billion-year-old rocks reveal hot spot of sulfur-breathing bacteria
Wriggle your toes in a marsh's mucky bottom sediment and you'll probably inhale a rotten egg smell, the distinctive odor of hydrogen sulfide gas. That's the biochemical signature of sulfur-using bacteria, ...
Hydrogen fuel cell for phone charging set for 2013
Century-old chemistry problem solved
Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have found a way to apply a "foundational reaction" of organic chemistry to a stubborn class of chemicals, in a transformation that has been thought impossible ...
Chemists discover cannabis 'pharma factory'
University of Saskatchewan researchers have discovered the chemical pathway that Cannabis sativa uses to create bioactive compounds called cannabinoids, paving the way for the development of marijuana variet ...
Building new drugs just got easier
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed a method for modifying organic molecules that significantly expands the possibilities for developing new pharmaceuticals and improving old ones.
An unlikely competitor for diamond as the best thermal conductor
An unlikely material, cubic boron arsenide, could deliver an extraordinarily high thermal conductivity – on par with the industry standard set by costly diamond – researchers report in the current issue of the journal ...
Genomic research finds significant microorganism populations in middle, upper troposphere
In what is believed to be the first study of its kind, researchers used genomic techniques to document the presence of significant numbers of living microorganisms – principally bacteria – in the middle ...
X-ray laser breakthrough research shows chemical reaction in real time
The ultrafast, ultrabright X-ray pulses of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) have enabled unprecedented views of a catalyst in action, an important step in the effort to develop cleaner and more efficient ...
Computer models show how deep carbon could return to Earth's surface
Computer simulations of water under extreme pressure are helping geochemists understand how carbon might be recycled from hundreds of miles below the Earth's surface. The work, by researchers at the University ...
Climate change, plant roots may accelerate carbon loss from soils (Update)
Soil, long thought to be a semi-permanent storehouse for ancient carbon, may be releasing carbon dioxide to the atmosphere faster than anyone thought, according to Oregon State University soil scientists.
Scientists identify mineral that destroys organic compounds, with implications for Mars Curiosity mission
Scientists have discovered that the mineral jarosite breaks down organic compounds when it is flash-heated, with implications for Mars research.
Global warming pause linked to sulfur in China
Scientists have come up with a possible explanation for why the rise in Earth's temperature paused for a bit during the 2000s, one of the hottest decades on record.
Organic electronics—how to make contact between carbon compounds and metal
An international team of scientists around Dr. Georg Heimel and Prof. Norbert Koch from the HZB and the Humboldt University Berlin has unraveled the mystery of what metal and carbon compounds have in common. ...