The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) was established in 1901. NIST is a non-regulatory agency of the U.S. Government attached to the Department of Commerce. The headquarters is in Gaithersburg, Maryland and the other facility is in Boulder, Colorado. NIST purpose is to advance innovation in measurement, calibration, standards, science in the U.S. From microwaves to electronic voting machines involve technology and standards. A primary component NIST pays close attention to is national security. NIST is divided into areas of physics, information technology, chemical science and technology, electronic and electronic engineering, material sciences, building and fire research.
Optical microscope technique confirmed as valid nano-measurement tool
(Phys.org) —Recent experiments have confirmed that a technique developed several years ago at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) can enable optical microscopes to measure the three-dimensional ...
EUV calibrations for satellite sensors
Thanks to precision calibration measurements recently performed at NIST, satellites may soon be looking at sunlight with new and improved vision.
Researchers find first direct evidence of 'spin symmetry' in atoms
Just as diamonds with perfect symmetry may be unusually brilliant jewels, the quantum world has a symmetrical splendor of high scientific value.
Guidelines for enhancing solar cells using surface plasmon polaritons
(Phys.org) —Researchers from the NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology (CNST) have established guidelines for using surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) to improve absorption in both photovoltaic or photoelectrochemical ...
Beyond six nines: Ultra-enriched silicon paves the road to quantum computing
(Phys.org) —Using a relatively straightforward technique, a team of NIST researchers has created what may be the most highly enriched silicon currently being produced. The material is more than 99.9999% ...
NIST therapy for ultraviolet laser beams: Hydrogen-treated fibers
To make a better optical fiber for transmitting laser beams, the first idea that comes to mind is probably not a nice long hydrogen bath.
Ion duet offers tunable module for quantum simulator
Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a pas de deux of atomic ions that combines the fine choreography of dance with precise individual control.
Latest NIST Mass Spectral Library: Expanded coverage, features
The world's most widely used and trusted resource for identifying mass spectra, the "fingerprints" of molecules, has undergone a major expansion, according to its managers at the National Institute of Standards ...
NIST corrosion lab tests suggest need for underground gas tank retrofits
A hidden hazard lurks beneath many of the roughly 156,000 gas stations across the United States.
'Comb on a chip' powers new atomic clock design
Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have demonstrated a new design for an atomic clock that is based on a chip-scale ...
Enhanced NIST instrument enables high-speed chemical imaging of tissues
A research team from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), working with the Cleveland Clinic, has demonstrated a dramatically improved technique for analyzing biological cells and tissues ...
NIST develops prototype meter test for hydrogen refueling stations
To support the fair sale of gaseous hydrogen as a vehicle fuel, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a prototype field test standard to test the accuracy ...
Researchers demonstrate ultrasonically propelled nanorods spin dizzyingly fast
(Phys.org) —Vibrate a solution of rod-shaped metal nanoparticles in water with ultrasound and they'll spin around their long axes like tiny drill bits. Why? No one yet knows exactly. But researchers at ...
Researchers find organic pollutants not factor in turtle tumor disease
For nearly four decades, scientists have suspected that persistent organic pollutants (POPs) contributed to a green turtle's susceptibility to the virus that causes fibropapilomatosis (FP), a disease that ...
Manipulating magnetic field effects in organic semiconductors
Changing the polarity of the magnetic field response of a material one thousandth the width of a human hair may seem like the stuff of science fiction, but that's exactly what's happening at NIST.