National Institute of Standards and Technology

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) was established in 1901. NIST is a non-regulatory agency of the U.S. Government attached to the Department of Commerce. The headquarters is in Gaithersburg, Maryland and the other facility is in Boulder, Colorado. NIST purpose is to advance innovation in measurement, calibration, standards, science in the U.S. From microwaves to electronic voting machines involve technology and standards. A primary component NIST pays close attention to is national security. NIST is divided into areas of physics, information technology, chemical science and technology, electronic and electronic engineering, material sciences, building and fire research.

Address
NIST, 100 Bureau Drive, Stop 1070, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-1070
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Quantum thermometer or optical refrigerator?

In an arranged marriage of optics and mechanics, physicists have created microscopic structural beams that have a variety of powerful uses when light strikes them. Able to operate in ordinary, room-temperature environments, ...

dateJun 22, 2017 in Optics & Photonics
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No liquid helium, but still extremely cool

NIST scientists have devised a novel hybrid system for cooling superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPD) – essential tools for many kinds of cutting-edge research – that is far smaller than those previously ...

dateMay 24, 2017 in Superconductivity
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