Argonne National Laboratory is the first and the largest national labs chartered in 1946 in DuPage County, Illinois. The US Department of Energy funds Argonne National Lab and U Chicago Argonne, LLC manages the site. Argonne National Lab is the descendant of Chicago's Metallurgical Laboratory and the home of Enrico Fermi's first controlled nuclear chain reaction demonstration. Today the Argonne Laboratory consists of the Argonne Advanced Photon Source, The Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator System and conducts basic scientific research, conducts experiments on clean energy sources, manages environmental problems nationally, and most importantly reviews and monitors national security risks.
Improved low-temperature performance of catalytic converters
(Phys.org) —Toxic vehicle emissions, such as carbon monoxide and unburned hydrocarbons, are chemically converted to benign compounds, like carbon dioxide (CO2) and water, by catalytic converters. Although catalytic converters ...
Nanoscale freezing leads to better imaging
It's an odd twist. For scientists to determine if a cell is functioning properly, they must destroy it.
Graphene growth on silver
Users from Northwestern University, working with the Center for Nanoscale Materials EMMD Group at Argonne, have demonstrated the first growth of graphene on a silver substrate.
Thermotropic phase boundaries in classic ferroelectrics
(Phys.org) —Novel monoclinic subphases in ferroelectric BaTiO3 were observed by ANL's Center for Nanoscale Materials users from The Pennsylvania State University in collaboration with CNM's X-Ray Microscopy Group and scientists ...
How do bacteria repair damage from the sun?
(Phys.org) —From bacteria to plants to humans, all organisms have mechanisms that they use to repair DNA damaged by ultraviolet (UV) light. This fundamental maintenance function is critical to our health because damaged ...
Tracking air pollution aids policy makers
(Phys.org) —Recently, Beijing and the nearby Chinese provinces were veiled in smog that reduced visibility, induced health problems, and reached levels described as "beyond index."
New technique grows tiny 'hairy' materials at the microscale
(Phys.org) —Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory attacked a tangled problem by developing a new technique to grow tiny "hairy" materials that assemble themselves at the microscale.
Photo-initiated charge separation in nanobiohybrid complex
In natural systems, electron flow is mediated by proteins that spatially organize donor and acceptor molecules with great precision. Achieving this guided, directional flow of information is a desirable feature in photovoltaic ...
The fate of bioavailable iron in Antarctic coastal seas
Science is exploring many options for carbon dioxide sequestration in order to mitigate the climatological impact of CO2. One of these is geoengineering: deliberate, large-scale intervention in the Earth's natural systems ...
New tech could be "Mr. Fusion" for biofuel
A new technology from Argonne may remind viewers of Mr. Fusion of Back to the Future fame, only with a biofuel twist: put in your waste and out comes diesel fuel.