NEC Develops World's Most Efficient Privacy Preserving Authentication Scheme

Jul 22, 2005

NEC Corporation announced that it has developed the world's most efficient privacy preserving authentication scheme (or group signature scheme ) in terms of signature length and computational complexity, social infrastructure vital to both the privacy protection of individuals and security within a networked society.

Group signature schemes have been long sought after as they are believed to fulfill security and privacy needs simultaneously, i.e. they enable authorization of a user, without identifying the user, thus allowing the user a certain amount of anonymity. It is believed that these schemes may be applied to many systems in the future in which user anonymity is required such as in anonymous credential systems, and video/book rental systems, among others.

The main characteristics of a privacy preserving authentication scheme are:

(1) Enables verification of individuals belonging to a limited group who have authorized access, without actually identifying the user by an ID or personal name etc, reducing the risk of information leaks and protecting the hoarding of surplus personal information.
(2) Identification of the authenticated individual is only allowed by special authorities (specified administrators). As a result, disorderly and unjust use of anonymity is prevented as these authorities can revoke anonymity.


NEC's authentication scheme realizes the world's shortest authentication data length through the development of a new, original algorithm. Moreover, it has been verified as highly secure while simultaneously carrying out efficient creation and verification of authentication data by the world's most efficient computational complexity realized by the adoption of cryptographic protocol technology. Early group signature schemes/authentication schemes required large computational cost and long signature lengths; however, NEC's technological breakthrough enables shorter signature lengths at minimum cost.

Anonymous authentication schemes may enable, for example, a credit card transaction system with reduced risk of personal information leaks. This is mainly because a usual credit card transaction can be carried out at a retail premises by verifying that a user has an official contract with a certain credit card company, without providing the information terminal in the retail premises with the card no. or personal information of the user, however, the credit card company itself (administrator) can identify the holder of the credit card making the payment.

Essentially, information is hidden from certain parties, who should not have access to the information. This kind of technology can also be applied to loan systems such as those in video shops or libraries to protect the privacy of the borrower.

NEC's newly developed group signature scheme enables the world's most efficient signature length and computational complexity, proving security, and bringing the technology one more step closer to business model application. NEC believes that this technology will act as basic technology for next-generation solutions. This new breakthrough has proven the basic functions of the algorithm, and the next step for NEC is to verify practicality.

This development will provide NEC with the opportunity to apply its research-level group signature technology to a real business model application here forth.

Explore further: Team improves solar-cell efficiency

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Protecting infrastructure with smarter CPS

Sep 16, 2014

Security of IT networks is continually being improved to protect against malicious hackers. Yet when IT networks interface with infrastructures such as water and electric systems to provide monitoring and control capabilities, ...

Shape Security develops world's first "botwall"

Jan 23, 2014

(Phys.org) —Newly created company Shape Security has announced new technology aimed at combating botnets. Called the ShapeShifter, the product helps protect website owners against website breaches, most s ...

Review: Amazon phone watches you watch it

Jun 19, 2014

Amazon set out to do something different with the unveiling of its first smartphone Wednesday. How about a completely new way of interacting with your phone, for starters?

Recommended for you

Oculus unveils new prototype VR headset

38 minutes ago

Oculus has unveiled a new prototype of its virtual reality headset. However, the VR company still isn't ready to release a consumer edition.

Wireless sensor transmits tumor pressure

7 hours ago

The interstitial pressure inside a tumor is often remarkably high compared to normal tissues and is thought to impede the delivery of chemotherapeutic agents as well as decrease the effectiveness of radiation ...

Tim Cook puts personal touch on iPhone 6 launch

8 hours ago

Apple chief Tim Cook personally kicked off sales of the iPhone 6, joining in "selfies" and shaking hands with customers Friday outside the company's store near his Silicon Valley home.

Team improves solar-cell efficiency

23 hours ago

New light has been shed on solar power generation using devices made with polymers, thanks to a collaboration between scientists in the University of Chicago's chemistry department, the Institute for Molecular ...

Calif. teachers fund to boost clean energy bets

23 hours ago

The California State Teachers' Retirement System says it plans to increase its investments in clean energy and technology to $3.7 billion, from $1.4 billion, over the next five years.

User comments : 0