Carbonate standards ensure better paleothermometers

The climate of ancient Earth left telltale signs in the geochemical record. On the basis of chemical properties of carbonate minerals, scientists can calculate a site's temperature hundreds of millions of years ago. Such ...

Engineers 3-D-print a miniaturized spectrometer

The miniaturization of spectroscopic measurement devices opens novel information channels in medical science and consumer electronics. Scientists of the University of Stuttgart, Germany, developed a 3-D-printed miniature ...

Uncovering how some corals resist bleaching

Coral reefs are beautiful and diverse ecosystems that power the economies of many coastal communities. They're also facing threats that are driving their decline, including the planet's warming waters.

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