What delayed Earth's oxygenation?

Powering a massive biosphere on Earth, photosynthesis is the light-mediated reaction that converts carbon dioxide and water to carbohydrates and oxygen. About 2.3 billion years ago, this reaction led to a dramatic oxygenation ...

The global transport of microbes

Wastewater, tourism, and trade are moving microbes around the globe at an unprecedented scale, a group of international researchers, including Professor Michael Gillings from Macquarie University, have argued. The editorial ...

Scientists publish study on glacial carbon cycle

Two Montana State University researchers have played a major role in discovering how microbial communities in melting glaciers contribute to the Earth's carbon cycle, a finding that has global implications as the bulk of ...

How plants protect photosynthesis from oxygen

During the daytime, plants convert the Sun's energy into sugars using photosynthesis, a complex, multi-stage biochemical process. New work from a team including Carnegie's Mark Heinnickel, Wenqiang Yang, and Arthur Grossman ...

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