Related topics: health

Self-cleaning spacecraft surfaces to combat microbes

Astronauts live and work in orbit along with teeming populations of microorganisms, which could present a serious threat to health—and even the structural integrity of spacecraft. To help combat such invisible stowaways, ...

Hydroponic native plants to detox PFAS-contaminated water

They're the non-stick on Teflon cookware, the stain resistance in Scotchgard, and the suppression factor in firefighting foam, but while the staying power of PFAS chemicals was once revered, it's now infamous as PFAS substances ...

First European farmers' heights did not meet expectations

A combined study of genetics and skeletal remains show that the switch from primarily hunting, gathering and foraging to farming about 12,000 years ago in Europe may have had negative health effects as indicated by shorter ...

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Health effect

Health effects (or health impacts) are changes in health resulting from exposure to a source. Health effects are an important consideration in many areas, such as hygiene, pollution studies, workplace safety, nutrition and health sciences in general. Some of the major environmental sources of health effects are air pollution, water pollution, soil contamination, noise pollution and over-illumination.

A non-stochastic or deterministic health effect has a severity that is dependent on dose and is believed to have a threshold level for which no effect is seen. Stochastic health effects occur by chance, generally occurring without a threshold level of dose, whose probability is proportional to the dose and whose severity is independent of the dose, such as cancer and genetic effects.

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