Iron-reducing bacteria could detoxify chromium

Hexavalent chromium is a major environmental contaminant at several Department of Energy (DOE) sites as well as other sites around the world. Iron-reducing bacteria can convert the oxidized form of iron in clay minerals, ...

Computer power clicks with geochemistry

Sandia National Laboratories is developing computer models that show how radioactive waste interacts with soil and sediments, shedding light on waste disposal and how to keep contamination away from drinking water.

Carbon dioxide "breathing phenomenon" found in clay minerals

Japanese researchers have discovered a new phenomenon whereby carbonate ions (CO32−) in a clay mineral called "hydrotalcite" are repeatedly exchanged with carbon dioxide (CO2) in the air, quickly over several days, as if ...

Clay may have been birthplace of life, new study suggests

Clay, a seemingly infertile blend of minerals, might have been the birthplace of life on Earth. Or at least of the complex biochemicals that make life possible, Cornell University biological engineers report in the Nov. 7 ...

Study could help improve nuclear waste repositories

(Phys.org) —Here's the question faced by a team of Sandia National Laboratories researchers: How fast will iodine-129 released from spent nuclear fuel move through a deep, clay-based geological repository?

Scientists find new arsenic threat in deep water wells

"Dig deep" to avoid naturally occurring arsenic contamination has been promoted as an answer to obtaining safe water in South Asia, which has experienced mass poisoning. But arsenic has been found in numerous deep wells drilled ...

New NASA mission to help us learn how to mine asteroids

Over the last hundred years, the human population has exploded from about 1.5 billion to more than seven billion, driving an ever-increasing demand for resources. To satisfy civilization's appetite, communities have expanded ...

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