Research explains how snakes lost their limbs

Snakes and lizards are reptiles that belong to the order Squamata. They share several traits but differ in one obvious respect: Snakes do not have limbs. The two suborders diverged more than 100 million years ago. Identification ...

Are reef corals stressed or just pessimistic?

Climate change threatens coral reefs around the globe. The high temperatures associated with this phenomenon can lead to "bleaching," the breakdown of the symbiosis between corals and the algae that live within their cells. ...

Rapid effects of climate change on plants and their ecosystems

An international team of researchers led by two Villanova University biologists has found that climate change is dramatically altering terrestrial plant communities and their ecosystems at such a rapid pace that having a ...

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