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# Mathematics news

### Using mathematics to better understand cause and effect

Cause and effect. We understand this concept from an early age. Tug on a pull toy's string, and the toy follows. Naturally, things get much more complicated as a system grows, as the number of variables increases, and as ...

Mathematics

16 hours ago

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### Typing monkey would be unable to produce 'Hamlet' within the lifetime of the universe, study finds

A new study reveals it would take far longer than the lifespan of our universe for a typing monkey to randomly produce Shakespeare. So, while the Infinite Monkey Theorem is true, it is also somewhat misleading.

Mathematics

Oct 30, 2024

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### US math teachers view student performance differently based on race and gender

Teachers report thinking that if girls do better in math than boys, it is probably because of their innate ability and effort. But they also report that when boys do well in math, it is more likely due to parental support ...

Mathematics

Oct 28, 2024

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### High school students present five new ways of proving Pythagoras' Theorem via trigonometry

In 2022, U.S. high school students Calcea Johnson and Ne'Kiya Jackson astonished teachers when they discovered a new way to prove Pythagoras' theorem using trigonometry after entering a competition at their local high school. ...

Mathematics

Oct 28, 2024

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### From fireflies to drones: Researchers uncover strategy for synchronization efficiency

Researchers from The University of New Mexico School of Engineering looked to the natural world to explain how synchronized systems can work more efficiently and made a significant discovery. Their results were published ...

Mathematics

Oct 25, 2024

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### New theory identifies how physics principle of 'rattling' relates to self-organization

If you've ever watched a large flock of birds on the wing, moving across the sky like a cloud with various shapes and directional changes appearing from seeming chaos, or the maneuvers of an ant colony forming bridges and ...

Mathematics

Oct 23, 2024

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### Why Trump's messaging is becoming more extreme: A mathematician explains

"Talk about extreme." That was the response of Democratic presidential nominee Kamala Harris at September's televised debate, after her rival, Donald Trump, made the baseless claim that migrants had been eating the dogs and ...

Mathematics

Oct 23, 2024

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### Photonic computing method uses electromagnetic waves to rapidly solve partial differential equations

In the fields of physics, mathematics, and engineering, partial differential equations (PDEs) are essential for modeling various phenomena, from heat diffusion to particle motion and wave propagation. While some PDEs can ...

Mathematics

Oct 21, 2024

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### Three letters, one number, a knife and a stone bridge: How a graffitied equation changed mathematical history

On October 16, 1843, the Irish mathematician William Rowan Hamilton had an epiphany during a walk alongside Dublin's Royal Canal. He was so excited he took out his penknife and carved his discovery right then and there on ...

Mathematics

Oct 16, 2024

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### In double breakthrough, mathematician helps solve two long-standing problems

A Rutgers University-New Brunswick professor who has devoted his career to resolving the mysteries of higher mathematics has solved two separate, fundamental problems that have perplexed mathematicians for decades.

Mathematics

Oct 9, 2024

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### Are ideas contagious? How the structure of human-interaction networks affects spread of both illness and information

The COVID-19 pandemic gave the global medical community the opportunity to take giant strides forward in understanding how to develop vaccines and implement public health measures designed to control the spread of disease, ...

Mathematics

Oct 9, 2024

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### Team presents new theoretical strategy for generating asymmetric distributions in probability and statistics

As is well known, the normal distribution is a key tool in probability and statistics. It can be described as a distribution that obeys a universal rule derived from one of the most important theorems in probability: the ...

Mathematics

Oct 8, 2024

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### How higher-order interactions can remodel the landscape of complex systems

Networks, which include nodes and connections, can help researchers model dynamic systems like the spread of disease or how the brain processes information.

Mathematics

Oct 2, 2024

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### Want to solve a complex problem? Applied math can help

You can probably think of a time when you've used math to solve an everyday problem, such as calculating a tip at a restaurant or determining the square footage of a room. But what role does math play in solving complex problems ...

Mathematics

Oct 1, 2024

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### A method of 'look twice, forgive once' can sustain social cooperation

The theory of indirect reciprocity holds that people who earn a good reputation by helping others are more likely to be rewarded by third parties, but widespread cooperation depends on agreement about reputations.

Mathematics

Sep 26, 2024

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### Why do large electorates tend towards evenly split results?

Election polls often tighten up remarkably as the election date draws near. "Leave" (the European Union) won the UK election of May 2016 with a majority of 51.9%, but earlier the polls weren't nearly as tight—in January ...

### Researchers develop precise pricing formula for perpetual American strangle options

Perpetual American strangle options (PASOs) offer investors a method for minimizing risk during highly volatile market scenarios by allowing them to buy or sell options at any date without an expiration date. In a new study, ...

Mathematics

Sep 16, 2024

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### Two-way mathematical 'dictionary' could connect quantum physics with number theory

Several fields of mathematics have developed in total isolation, using their own "undecipherable" coded languages. In a new study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Tamás Hausel, professor of mathematics ...

Mathematics

Sep 12, 2024

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### Soft cells: Rounded tile shapes echo those found in nature

Tiles that fill two- and three-dimensional spaces with no gaps—including triangles, squares, hexagons, cubes, and other polyhedra—are typically designed with sharp corners and flat faces (straight edges).

Mathematics

Sep 10, 2024

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### Mathematical modeling explores the statistical mysteries of successfully scheduling a meeting

In a world where organizing a simple meeting can feel like herding cats, new research from Case Western Reserve University reveals just how challenging finding a suitable meeting time becomes as the number of participants ...

Mathematics

Sep 9, 2024

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