The California Institute of Technology or Caltech is a private institution governed by a Board of Trustees. Caltech began as Throop College of Technology in 1891. Under the direction of Nobel Prize physicist Robert Andrews Millikan and the newly formed Research Council, Caltech was created in 1921. In subsequent years Caltech has emerged as a highly focused institution of learning. Annually, Caltech accepts less than 2200 exceptionally gifted undergraduate and graduate students for enrollment. The core curriculum is divided into six categories; Division of Biology, Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Division of Geological and Planetary Science, Division of Humanities and Social Sciences, Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy. Caltech operates (manages) The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, The Mount Wilson Observatory, Spitzer Space Telescope and other endeavors .Caltech was home to Murray Gell-Mann and Richard Feynman and 31 Nobel Laureates, 49 U.S. Medal of Science recipients and 10 National Medal of Technology recipients. Caltech is accepted world-wide as an institute of scientific and academic excellence.

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Table salt compound spotted on Europa

A familiar ingredient has been hiding in plain sight on the surface of Jupiter's moon Europa. Using a visible light spectral analysis, planetary scientists at Caltech and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, which Caltech manages ...

Comet inspires chemistry for making breathable oxygen on Mars

Science fiction stories are chock full of terraforming schemes and oxygen generators for a very good reason—we humans need molecular oxygen (O2) to breathe, and space is essentially devoid of it. Even on other planets with ...

Lasers aim to replace scalpels in cutting-edge biopsy technique

To a patient, the analysis of a tissue biopsy sample to check for something like cancer may seem like a relatively simple process, even if it does mean giving up a small piece of flesh to be tested. The sample heads off to ...

Directed evolution opens door to new antibiotics

In the ongoing arms race with humans and their antibiotics on one side, and bacteria with their ability to evolve defenses to antibiotics on the other, humans have enlisted a new ally—other bacteria.

How life on Earth affected its inner workings

It is well known that life on Earth and the geology of the planet are intertwined, but a new study provides fresh evidence for just how deep—literally—that connection goes. Geoscientists at Caltech and UC Berkeley have ...

Sweating the small stuff

Assistant professor of medical engineering Wei Gao is enriching the field of personalized and precision medicine with an abundant source of chemical data: sweat.

These beetles have successfully freeloaded for 100 million years

Almost 100 million years ago, a tiny and misfortunate beetle died after wandering into a sticky glob of resin leaking from a tree in a region near present-day Southeast Asia. Fossilized in amber, this beetle eventually made ...

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