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Comparing canine brains using 3-D-endocast modelling

Based on digital endocranial cast models, the canine brain does not increase proportionally with body size. Researchers at ELTE Eötvös Loránd and Kaposvár University in Hungary reconstructed the surface morphology of ...

Building blocks of language evolved 30-40 million years ago

The capacity for language is built upon our ability to understand combinations of words and the relationships between them, but the evolutionary history of this ability is little understood. Now, researchers from the University ...

Cognitive performance: Better than our predecessors

We employ our cognitive skills daily to assimilate and process information. A new empirical study shows that we do better at this task than those born a century ago. But cognitive capacity still begins to stagnate at around ...

The evolutionary advantage of being friendly

We've all heard the term "survival of the fittest," which scientist Charles Darwin famously coined to explain how organisms with heritable traits that give them an advantage—such as avoiding predators or beating out others ...

Evolution: No social distancing at the beginning of life

Bacteria are a dominant form of life that inhabit every environment on Earth. This includes human bodies, where they outnumber our cells and genes and regulate many body systems. Bacteria are regularly viewed as simple, single-celled ...

Genomic study reveals evolutionary secrets of banyan tree

The banyan fig tree Ficus microcarpa is famous for its aerial roots, which sprout from branches and eventually reach the soil. The tree also has a unique relationship with a wasp that has coevolved with it and is the only ...

The propagation of admixture-derived evolutionary potential

Adaptive radiation—the rapid evolution of many new species from a single ancestor—is a major focus in evolutionary biology. Adaptive radiations often show remarkable repeatability where lineages have undergone multiple ...

New study rebuts 75-year-old belief in reptile evolution

Challenging a 75-year-old notion about how and when reptiles evolved during the past 300 million-plus years involves a lot of camerawork, loads of CT scanning, and, most of all, thousands of miles of travel. Just check the ...

Evolution of the Y chromosome in great apes deciphered

New analysis of the DNA sequence of the male-specific Y chromosomes from all living species of the great ape family helps to clarify our understanding of how this enigmatic chromosome evolved. A clearer picture of the evolution ...

A search for new species on the high seas

Out of the vast number of life forms on the planet, it is estimated that fewer than 25% have been characterized, perhaps even fewer than 0.01%. Among this list, microscopic organisms are especially poorly represented: While ...

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Plants & Animals
Evolution in action: A new plant species in the Swiss Alps
Plants & Animals
Battling with neighbors could make animals smarter
Evolution
Snakes reveal the origin of skin colours
Plants & Animals
Cheating birds mimic host nestlings to deceive foster parents
Evolution
Crickets were the first to chirp 300 million years ago
Evolution
Evolution on the smallest of scales smooths out the patchwork patterns of where plants and animals live
Evolution
Scientists repeat century-old study to reveal evidence of evolutionary rescue in the wild
Plants & Animals
Mud-slurping chinless ancestors had all the moves
Evolution
Mosquitos lost an essential gene with no ill effects
Plants & Animals
Ansell's mole-rats found to use their eyes for south-easterly orienteering
Evolution
Gene expression altered by direction of forces acting on cell
Evolution
Rodent ancestors combined portions of blood and venom genes to make pheromones
Evolution
Adaptive genetic markers identify the origins and dispersal of invasive species
Evolution
Study traces the evolution of gill covers
Plants & Animals
Study highlights lack of evidence for plasticity-led evolution in lizards
Evolution
Genomes of two millipede species shed light on their evolution, development and physiology
Evolution
Brain circuitry shaped by competition for space as well as genetics
Plants & Animals
Researchers show conscious processes in birds' brains for the first time
Plants & Animals
Primate brain size does not predict their intelligence
Plants & Animals
The surprising organisation of avian brains

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Materials Science
Researchers develop an efficient, low-energy method for upcycling polyethylene plastic waste into valuable molecules
General Physics
Do the twist: Making two-dimensional quantum materials using curved surfaces
Astronomy
Mystery of unusual neutron star system revealed after 20 years, thanks to thousands of volunteers
General Physics
A machine-learning algorithm that can infer the direction of the thermodynamic arrow of time
Nanomaterials
Cicada-inspired waterproof surfaces closer to reality, researchers report
Ecology
The next generation of biodiversity conservation targets must aim higher than ever
Optics & Photonics
Microscopy breakthrough reveals how proteins behave in 3-D
General Physics
Shedding light on moiré excitons: A first-principles perspective
Materials Science
Engineers devise new method to remove harmful E. coli from water
Materials Science
What a crystal reveals about nuclear materials processing
Biochemistry
Structure of photosystem protein supercomplex from diatom reveals its highly sophisticated energy transfer network
Materials Science
Researchers develop new molecular ferroelectric metamaterials
Space Exploration
NASA spacecraft sent asteroid rubble flying in sample grab
Quantum Physics
Control ions for quantum computing and sensing via on-chip fiber optics
Plants & Animals
Grafting with epigenetically-modified rootstock yields surprise
Earth Sciences
Wildfires can cause dangerous debris flows
Astronomy
Einstein's theory of relativity, critical for GPS, seen in distant stars
Archaeology & Fossils
African crocodiles lived in Spain six million years ago
Plants & Animals
Soil fungi act like a support network for trees, study shows
Cell & Microbiology
Researchers solve longstanding 'protein paradox' and suggest way to exploit cancer weakness