Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world. It is a department of the University of Oxford and is governed by a group of 15 academics appointed by the Vice-Chancellor known as the Delegates of the Press. They are headed by the Secretary to the Delegates, who serves as OUP's chief executive and as its major representative on other university bodies. Oxford University has used a similar system to oversee the Press since the 17th century. The university became involved in the print trade around 1480, and grew into a major printer of Bibles, prayer books, and scholarly works. Its Press took on the project which became the Oxford English Dictionary in the late 19th century, and expanded to meet the ever-rising costs of the work. As a result, the last hundred years has seen Oxford publish children's books, school text books, music, journals, the World's Classics series, and a best-selling range of English Language Teaching texts to match its academic and religious titles. Moves into international markets led to the Press opening its own offices outside the United Kingdom, beginning with New York in 1896.
Most comprehensive study to date reveals evolutionary history of citrus
Citrus fruits—delectable oranges, lemons, limes, kumquats and grapefruits—are among the most important commercially cultivated fruit trees in the world, yet little is known of the origin of the citrus species and the ...
New deer mouse study examines muscle performance and high altitude adaptation
Life has adapted to all sorts of extreme environments on Earth, among them, animals like the deer mouse, shimmying and shivering about, and having to squeeze enough energy from the cold, thin air to fuel their bodies and ...
New genetic evidence resolves origins of modern Japanese
Was there a single migration event or gradual mixing of cultures that gave rise to modern Japanese?
Getting to the origins of photosynthesis
One of the most important areas in all of biology is the evolution of photosynthesis. Some species of single celled cyanobacteria, through photosynthesis, forever changed the atmosphere of the early Earth by filling it with ...
Sap-feeding butterflies join ranks of natural phenomenon, the Golden Ratio
Alongside Leonardo Da Vinci's Vitruvian Man, disc-shaped galaxies, or the cochlea of the human ear, scientists can now count sap-feeding butterfly proboscises as aligned with the Golden Ratio.
Turning a vole into a mighty rodent
Take a wild, common forest-dwelling mouse-like rodent, known as a vole, and subject it to 13 rounds of selection for increased aerobic exercise metabolism, and what do you get? A mighty "mouse" with a 48 percent higher peak ...
Study identifies first-ever human population adaptation to toxic chemical, arsenic
High up in the high Andes mountains of Argentina, researchers have identified the first-ever evidence of a population uniquely adapted to tolerate the toxic chemical arsenic.
Grand tree of life study shows a clock-like trend in new species emergence and diversity
Temple University researchers have assembled the largest and most accurate tree of life calibrated to time, and surprisingly, it reveals that life has been expanding at a constant rate.
A vegetarian carnivorous plant
Carnivorous plants catch and digest tiny animals in order and derive benefits for their nutrition. Interestingly the trend towards vegetarianism seems to overcome carnivorous plants as well. The aquatic carnivorous bladderwort, ...
Turning pretty penstemon flowers from blue to red
While roses are red, and violets are blue, how exactly do flower colors change?
The bee's knees for identifying genetic triggers of novel adult traits
Scientists have long sought to identify the specific DNA changes that can trigger new traits, allowing species to adapt. But when animals develop a new trait, are the mutations within the part of the DNA that ...
Using test tube experiments to study how bacterial species evolve antibiotic resistance
Given a critical change in the environment, how exactly, do species adapt? Professor Tom Vogwill and colleagues wanted to get at the heart of this evolutionary question by measuring the growth rates and DNA mutations of 8 ...
New clues behind the resilience of a leading sexually transmitted pathogen, Chlamydia
In the advanced online edition of Molecular Biology and Evolution, authors Domman, et al. have explored factors behind the resilience of the most common sexually transmitted disease in the U.S., chlamydia, with an estima ...
Fine-tuning of bitter taste receptors may be key to animal survival
One key to animal survival is bitter taste——the better to avoid ingesting potentially harmful poisons or foods. The evolution of bitter taste has been a hot topic amongst evolutionary biologists, and with more and more ...
Treasure trove of ancient genomes helps recalibrate the human evolutionary clock
Just like adjusting a watch, the key to accurately telling evolutionary time is based upon periodically calibrating against a gold standard.