Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) located near Knoxville, Tennessee is the Department of Energy's largest science and technology lab in the nation. It is managed by UT-Battelle. ORNL has six primary missions; neutron science, energy, high-performance computing, systems biology, materials science and national security. ORNL employs over 4,000 scientists, researchers and support staff for the lab. ORNL does other assignments for the Department of Energy which include isotope production, information management and assists other agencies of government. Current research includes advanced testing techniques for eye disease and disorder and sponsorship of the Global Venture Challenge for university students. ORNL welcomes inquiries and suggests stories for writers. The ORNL Review is a periodic journal of the latest in scientific and technology develops and is available on-line.
Researchers build bacteria's photosynthetic engine
Nearly all life on Earth depends on photosynthesis, the conversion of light energy into chemical energy. Oxygen-producing plants and cyanobacteria perfected this process 2.7 billion years ago. But the first photosynthetic ...
Researchers make scalable arrays of 'building blocks' for ultrathin electronics
Semiconductors, metals and insulators must be integrated to make the transistors that are the electronic building blocks of your smartphone, computer and other microchip-enabled devices. Today's transistors are miniscule—a ...
Neutrons find 'missing' magnetism of plutonium
Groundbreaking work at two Department of Energy national laboratories has confirmed plutonium's magnetism, which scientists have long theorized but have never been able to experimentally observe. The advances that enabled ...
Helium 'balloons' offer new path to control complex materials
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a new method to manipulate a wide range of materials and their behavior using only a handful of helium ions.
Unlocking lignin for sustainable biofuel
Turning trees, grass, and other biomass into fuel for automobiles and airplanes is a costly and complex process. Biofuel researchers are working to change that, envisioning a future where cellulosic ethanol, an alcohol derived ...
Fusion researchers use Titan supercomputer to burst helium bubbles
Scientists look to the stars when it comes to developing clean, virtually limitless energy. Though humanity understands how stars power themselves—nuclei of hydrogen and its isotopes fuse together in extreme conditions, ...
The protein problem
The importance of proteins is difficult to overstate; they play a critical role in countless biological processes. An enhanced understanding of their structure and function is essential to advancing the state of the art in ...
Silica 'spiky screws' could enhance industrial coatings, additive manufacturing
It took marine sponges millions of years to perfect their spike-like structures, but research mimicking these formations may soon alter how industrial coatings and 3-D printed to additively manufactured objects are produced.
The ins and outs of quantum chromodynamics
Quarks and antiquarks are the teeny, tiny building blocks with which all matter is built, binding together to form protons and neutrons in a process explained by quantum chromodynamics (QCD).
Team demonstrates first large-scale graphene fabrication
One of the barriers to using graphene at a commercial scale could be overcome using a method demonstrated by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.