The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) is the national measurement standards laboratory for the United Kingdom, based at Bushy Park in Teddington, London, England. It is the largest applied physics organisation in the UK. NPL is an internationally respected centre of excellence in measurement and materials science. Since 1900, when Bushy House was selected as the site of NPL, it has developed and maintained the primary national measurement standards. Today it provides the scientific resources for the National Measurement System financed by the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. NPL also offers a range of commercial services, applying scientific skills to industrial measurement problems, and manages the MSF time signal. Teddington was also home to the UK National Chemical Laboratory but this was closed in 1965 and some of its work was transferred to NPL. The National Physical Laboratory was contractorised in 1995 and is operated by Serco. Since contractorisation, overheads have been halved, third party revenues have grown by 16% per annum, and the number of peer-reviewed research papers published have doubled.
Detecting defects in solar cells
Scientists at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) have developed a new method for detecting defects in solar cells using a technique called 'compressed sensing'.
Learning anti-microbial physics from cicada
(Phys.org) —Inspired by the wing structure of a small fly, an NPL-led research team developed nano-patterned surfaces that resist bacterial adhesion while supporting the growth of human cells.
Kilogram celebrates its 125th birthday
The IPK has been the global standard for mass for the last 125 years; it was sanctioned at the first General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) on 7-9 September 1889 in Paris. This is likely to be ...
SI traceability for mercury vapour measurement in air
A new experiment, designed by NPL and the Joint Research Centre - Institute for Research Materials and Measurements (JRC-IRMM), has recently been completed and published in Analytical Chemistry.
On the edge of graphene
Researchers at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) have discovered that the conductivity at the edges of graphene devices is different to the central material.
Dynamic calibration of pressure sensors using shock tube
Scientists at NPL's Dynamic Pressure Sensor Facility have published a paper, Towards a shock tube method for the dynamic calibration of pressure sensors, in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A.
New optical component set to revolutionise augmented reality
The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) has developed a revolutionary optical component for augmented reality devices in partnership with a new British company, TruLife Optics.
Learning the language of biomolecular assembly
The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) will carry out unique experiments to investigate biomolecular self-assembly at UK and EU synchrotron facilities.
A new model for quantum noise
The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) has published research in Nature Communications that updates one of the most fundamental concepts in the physics of quantum electronic devices - the standard tunnel ...
Measuring the dimensions of the key features of a shaving product
The UK shaving and skincare company King of Shaves set NPL Huddersfield the challenge of measuring the dimensions of the key features of one of its shaving products, a cartridge for the Hyperglide System ...
New laser lab on wheels to reduce emissions
The DIAL (Differential Absorption Lidar) facility is a sophisticated laser-based system that provides rapid, accurate measurements of airborne emissions. It is a completely self-contained mobile laboratory ...
Self-assembling protein nets
The ability to construct biological matter from the molecule up holds promise for technologies that are set to shape our future. Synthetic biology, regenerative medicine and advanced materials are just a ...
DNA double helix measurements
Researchers at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) and the London Centre for Nanotechnology (LCN) have determined the structure of DNA from measurements on a single molecule using atomic force microscopy ...
NPL, Dstl present potential 'billion global market' in quantum technologies
The Ministry of Defence's (MOD) Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) will today present a number of research projects to bring to market the science behind the world's most accurate atomic clocks. ...
Gold nanoparticles for cancer treatment
A new project at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) will develop methodologies to measure the radio-biological impact of gold nanoparticles, when used in combination with ionising radiation for enhancing ...