The École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) is one of the two Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology and is located in Lausanne, Switzerland. The school was founded by the Swiss Federal Government with the stated mission to: The sister institution in the German-speaking part of Switzerland is the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH Zürich or ETHZ). Associated with several specialised research institutes, the two sister institutes form the ETH Domain, which is directly dependent on the Federal Department of Home Affairs. EPFL is ranked among the top universities in the world. Founded in 1853 as a private school under the name École Spéciale de Lausanne, it became the technical department of the public Académie de Lausanne in 1869. When the latter was reorganized and acquired the status of a university in 1890, the technical faculty changed its name to École d'Ingénieurs de l'Université de Lausanne. In 1946, it was renamed the École polytechnique de l'Université de Lausanne (EPUL).
A homemade solar lamp for developing countries
(Phys.org) —The solar lamp developed by the start-up LEDsafari is a more effective, safer, and less expensive form of illumination than the traditional oil lamp currently used by more than one billion people ...
Does public transportation encourage suburban sprawl?
The Zurich public transportation authority wants to improve access to downtown Zurich for those living in the suburbs. There will be a variety of impacts on the urban landscape.
Vast hollow chamber within iconic Swiss mountain worries geologists
The Matterhorn's days are numbered. Although populations are not in danger, scientists warn that its predicted collapse could occur at any moment.
Don't let personal data escape your smartphone
(Phys.org) —Two EPFL researchers have developed an application that automatically secures shared information on a mobile phone. The Android app should be available in late summer 2014.
People are still moving as much, but it's taking them longer
In the cantons of Geneva and Vaud, people are using their cars less often and their overall travel time is increasing. More than half the trips are for leisure activities and shopping.
The first model for capturing and condensing light under realistic conditions
Quantum particles can be divided into two types: fermions and bosons. When cooled down to near-absolute zero temperatures, bosons can condense together into a collective state of matter called a Bose-Einstein ...
Small interactions, large effects on the body
Molecular interactions occurring at the interface between water and other substances can have an influence on the functioning of our bodies. EPFL researchers have been able to observe these interactions through ...
Test one's blood with the screen of a cellphone
(Phys.org) —Using the properties of a smartphone screen to perform blood tests: the device developed by Qloudlab allows at-home analysis in less than a minute. The expanded diagnostics will be used to help ...
Emotion detectors could make driving safer
Irritation, in particular, can make drivers more aggressive and less attentive. EPFL researchers, in collaboration with PSA Peugeot Citroen, have developed an on-board emotion detector based on the analysis ...
Putting an end to flying ballast on speeding trains
Results of an EPFL study on ballast projections in exceptional winter conditions have enabled SBB to set-up measures to improve safety around the tracks.
A complete medical check-up on a chip
(Phys.org) —About the size of a stapler, this new handheld device developed at EFPL is able to test a large number of proteins in our body all at once-a subtle combination of optical science and engineering.
First-time observation of photon polarization emitted in the weak decay of a bottom quark
As members of the LHCb collaboration, scientists at EPFL have analyzed data collected at CERN's Large Hadron Collider that offer a first-time observation of the polarization of the photon emitted in the weak ...
Ecotoxicity: All clear for silver nanoparticles?
It has long been known that, in the form of free ions, silver particles can be highly toxic to aquatic organisms. Yet to this day, there is a lack of detailed knowledge about the doses required to trigger ...
Microalgae-derived biogas a promising alternative to fossil fuels
Could microalgae fuel the future? Researchers are fine-tuning a technology that transforms wet algal biomass into a biogas that is compatible with today's natural gas infrastructure.
A small satellite that knows its way around immensity
(Phys.org) —CubETH is the name of a joint project between EPFL's Swiss Space Center and ETHZ whose main objective is to build a satellite scheduled for launch in late 2015. The CubETH spacecraft will be ...