Cheney's 5 heart attacks unusual, shows good care

Feb 23, 2010 By LAURAN NEERGAARD , AP Medical Writer
In this Wednesday, Oct. 21, 2009, former Vice President Dick Cheney speaks at the Center For Security Policy dinner at Union Station in Washington. Cheney is in a Washington hospital Monday night, Feb. 22, 2010, after experiencing chest pains. Peter Long, Cheney's assistant, said in a statement that former vice president is resting comfortably and his doctors are evaluating the situation. (AP Photo/Harry Hamburg)

(AP) -- Surviving five heart attacks makes former Vice President Dick Cheney pretty unusual - showing that he has good medical care as well as a particularly aggressive form of heart disease.

But the number, attention-grabbing as it is, isn't the real issue: It's how much damage a heart attack does to the muscle of your heart that determines how well you recover, and the quality of remaining years.

"One really significant heart attack can be much more worrisome, in fact life-threatening, than several heart attacks that have not resulted in significant injury," explained Dr. Clyde Yancy, a cardiologist at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas and president of the American Heart Association.

Still, "even one mild heart attack proves you have blocked blood vessels around your heart and establishes a higher risk for a next heart attack."

Cheney was fortunate; Monday's heart attack was described as mild. But at 69, he's now lived almost as long with as he has without. His first heart attack came at the early age of 37.

A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is blocked, and how long that happens, in how big a blood vessel, determines the resulting degree of damage.

Cheney was admitted to George Washington University Hospital on Monday experiencing chest pains, and officials revealed Tuesday that lab tests uncovered the heart attack. Blood tests look for enzymes the heart releases when it has been damaged, and the degree of enzymes helps assess the severity.

Cheney aide Peter Long said the former vice president was "feeling good" Tuesday after undergoing a stress test plus a heart catheterization to examine blood flow to the heart. He didn't say whether an - a procedure to clear a blockage - was performed during the catheterization. It's possible to have blockages in blood vessels too small to warrant that procedure.

Deaths from heart disease have dropped nearly 40 percent in the past decade, thanks to cholesterol-lowering medications and the kinds of surgical treatments Cheney has received: bypass surgery, two angioplasties to clear clogged arteries, a special pacemaker implanted to help a weakened heart beat properly. He also has undergone electric shock to treat an abnormal heart rhythm called atrial fibrillation, also more common in heart attack-weakened hearts.

Still, the heart attacks keep coming.

"It unfortunately tells us he's got bad luck in the gene pool. His genetics have given him an aggressive" form of heart disease, said Dr. William O'Neill, an interventional cardiologist and executive dean for clinical affairs at the University of Miami School of Medicine.

Even mild heart attacks cause cumulative damage. While his doctors haven't revealed the extent of Cheney's damage, O'Neill said it's likely he "doesn't have much reserve."

The average person who survives a first heart attack may survive a second, sometimes a third, but very few survive more, said Dr. Edward I. Morris, a cardiologist at Washington Hospital Center, across town from Cheney's hospital.

Heart disease is progressive. Cheney's bypass was in 1988, and they typically last about a decade before the grafts begin to narrow. Arteries cleared by angioplasty re-clog, too.

And that first survived heart attack is a crucial teachable moment, when suddenly doctors' warnings - about diet and exercise, and to quit smoking, and to treat high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol - take on new meaning. The right care can indeed prevent a second heart attack and provide years of quality life, Yancy said.

Attention to Cheney offers a different teachable moment: How to avoid even that first . Yancy points people to the heart association's "seven simple steps" Internet program, at http://www.heart.org/mylifecheck . Get three easy measurements from your doctor - blood pressure, blood sugar, cholesterol level - and answer four lifestyle questions, and the program will tell where you need to improve.

Explore further: Some newly insured under 'Obamacare' may have trouble finding doctors

3 /5 (3 votes)
add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Heart attack risk from smoking due to genetics

Dec 19, 2007

Heart attacks among cigarette smokers may have less to do with tobacco than genetics. A common defect in a gene controlling cholesterol metabolism boosts smokers’ risk of an early heart attack, according to a new study ...

Hope for patients with type 2 diabetes

Dec 03, 2009

The outlook for individuals with type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease is not as grim as originally believed, according to new Saint Louis University research published in Circulation, the Journal of the American He ...

Bleeding hearts revealed with new scan

Jan 19, 2009

Images that for the first time show bleeding inside the heart after people have suffered a heart attack have been captured by scientists, in a new study published today in the journal Radiology.

Novel compound may lessen heart attack damage

Feb 07, 2008

A novel drug designed to lessen muscle damage from a heart attack has passed initial safety tests at the Duke Clinical Research Institute. Results of the study, available online and to be published in the February 19 issue ...

Recommended for you

How can we help manage eating disorders?

5 hours ago

These guidelines are for the clinical management of eating disorders They are intended to provide current evidence based guidance on the assessment and treatment of people with eating disorders by psychiatrists and other ...

User comments : 4

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

Milou
1 / 5 (1) Feb 23, 2010
"... Cheney has received: bypass surgery, two angioplasties to clear clogged arteries, a special pacemaker implanted to help a weakened heart beat properly. He also has undergone electric shock to treat an abnormal heart rhythm called atrial fibrillation, also more common in heart attack-weakened hearts.

Still, the heart attacks keep coming

It unfortunately {correction FORTUNATELY} tells us he's got bad luck in the gene pool."

What a waist of resources for this idiot. To think we (taxpayers) are spending money for his security and health. It is obvious he should never be in a decision making position and his stupidity gets worse with each heart attack. But, as Cheney so eloquently says with his one word inspirational wisdom "SO".
Caliban
1 / 5 (1) Feb 24, 2010
It is galling that a man of such immense personal wealth should be receiving the very best possible medical care at taxpayer expense.
freethinking
1 / 5 (1) Feb 24, 2010
Progressive leftists, the group that hates. Clinton just had a heart attack, yet no complaints that he received government care.

However I do agree that members of congress, senate, and other high ranking government officials should pay for their own health care. Maybe then they can pass something that makes sense and actually reduce our costs.
croghan27
not rated yet Feb 24, 2010
Oh Lord - keep Cheney alive until he is prosecuted as the war criminal he is.

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.