'Beneficial' effects of alcohol?

Oct 14, 2009
Wine

According a new study of over 3,000 adults aged 70-79, the apparent association between light-to-moderate alcohol consumption and reduced risk of functional decline over time did not hold up after adjustments were made for characteristics related to lifestyle, in particular physical activity, body weight, education, and income.

The authors of the study, publishing today in the , say this suggests that life-style related characteristics may be the real determinant of the reported beneficial effects of alcohol and functional decline.

"In recent years the relationship between alcohol intake and health outcomes has gained growing attention, but while there is now considerable consensus that consuming alcohol at moderate levels has a specific on the risk of , the benefit of alcohol intake on other health-related outcomes is less convincing," said study author Cinzia Maraldi, M.D., of the University of Ferrara, Italy. "We wanted to evaluate this question over a long-term follow-up and with a prospective design, which most previous studies have not used."

During a follow-up time of six and a half years, the researchers found that participants consuming moderate levels of alcohol had the lowest incidence of mobility limitation and disability. After adjusting for , moderate alcohol intake was still associated with reduced risk compared to never or occasional consumption, but adjusting for life-style related variables substantially reduced the strength of the associations. Adjustment for diseases and health status indicators did not affect the strength of the associations, which led the authors to conclude that life-style is the most important factor in confounding this relationship.

"Globally taken, these results suggest that the reported protective effect of moderate alcohol intake on physical performance may be only apparent, because life-style related characteristics seem to be the real determinant of the reported association, suggesting caution in attributing a direct benefit of moderate on functional ability," added Maraldi. "This assumes particular relevance given the risk of alcohol-dependence and the health hazards associated with excessive alcohol consumption. From this point of view, in our opinion life-style recommendations for the prevention of disability should be based on interventions proven to be safe and effective, such as weight control and physical exercise."

More information: The abstract can be viewed at www3.interscience.wiley.com/jo… l/122592468/abstract

Source: Wiley (news : web)

Explore further: Tax forms could pose challenge for HealthCare.gov

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Moderate drinking may help older women live longer

Dec 13, 2006

A study published in Journal of the American Geriatrics Society finds that moderate alcohol intake (1-2 drinks/day for 3-6 days/week, depending on alcoholic content) may lead to increased quality of life and survival in older ...

A Drink to Healthy Aging

Dec 13, 2007

Researchers at the University of Newcastle say a glass of wine a day may be of benefit to the health of older women.

Recommended for you

Can YouTube save your life?

Aug 29, 2014

Only a handful of CPR and basic life support (BLS) videos available on YouTube provide instructions which are consistent with recent health guidelines, according to a new study published in Emergency Medicine Australasia, the jo ...

Doctors frequently experience ethical dilemmas

Aug 29, 2014

(HealthDay)—For physicians trying to balance various financial and time pressures, ethical dilemmas are common, according to an article published Aug. 7 in Medical Economics.

AMGA: Physician turnover still high in 2013

Aug 29, 2014

(HealthDay)—For the second year running, physician turnover remains at the highest rate since 2005, according to a report published by the American Medical Group Association (AMGA).

Obese or overweight teens more likely to become smokers

Aug 29, 2014

A study examining whether overweight or obese teens are at higher risk for substance abuse finds both good and bad news: weight status has no correlation with alcohol or marijuana use but is linked to regular ...

User comments : 2

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

gmurphy
5 / 5 (1) Oct 14, 2009
"adjusting for life-style related variables substantially reduced the strength of the associations", and what pray tell, were those variables?
CptWozza
5 / 5 (1) Oct 15, 2009
"adjusting for life-style related variables substantially reduced the strength of the associations", and what pray tell, were those variables?


I think most people know what lifestyle variables lead to better health, so the authors probably reasoned it was too obvious to state (although it is good practise to make everything as plain as possible if you can...).

In any case, alcohol is a drug, and if alcoholic drinks were invented today, they would be classified as illegal as any other drug. I struggle to comprehend why it is viewed as antisocial to not regularly pour a toxic, mildly carcinogenic, organic solvent down your oesophagus, but that's the price you pay for daring not to copy other people's worhip of addictive substances.