Robotic radiosurgery offers palliative care for hilar lung tumors

Nov 02, 2010

Patients report decreased pain and improved breathing following treatment of their hilar tumors with robotic radiosurgery, but researchers say the therapy falls short of improving survival. Still, the study, conducted by researchers at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center and presented today at the annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians in Vancouver, BC, represents the first of its kind to document the use of radiosurgery for hilar tumors and presents a novel therapy option.

For the study, researchers reviewed the medical records of patients diagnosed with inoperable primary and metastatic hilar lung tumors. Hilar tumors abut or invade the mainstem bronchus. All the patients in the study were treated with five courses (30 to 40 Gy in 5 fractions) of radiotherapy using CyberKnife. Imaging studies with a combined PET/CT scan were performed at three and six-month follow-up intervals to track .

The record review included 24 patients -- four with inoperable primary hilar lung tumors and 20 with hilar tumors that had spread there from other primary sites. The mean radiation dose administered to the esophagus was 27 Gy (ranging from 11 to 40 Gy) and mean radiation dose administered to the lung was 45 Gy (ranging from 30 to 50 GY).

At one-year, the overall survival was 61 percent and local control (ability to keep the tumor from growing) was 71 percent.The review found that most deaths were attributed to the spread of the patients' cancers. However, there was one death that was attributed to an opening in the mainstem bronchus in a patient who was previously stented.

While no uniform data was collected from patients about quality of life at the time of their treatment, the study's lead author says the patient records reflect comments made by patients about their symptoms.

"Patients reported improvement with coughing, breathing, and they reported less pain," said Brian Collins, MD, a radiation oncologist with Lombardi and lead author of the study.

"Our study suggests that CyberKnife is a palliative treatment option for hilar ," explains Collins. "We'd like to investigate outcomes with increased radiation doses to see if we can improve local control and overall survival rates. And we'd like to study the impact of administering a drug to make the tumors more sensitive to radiation.

"This is an important first step that gives us a new option to treat potentially morbid hilar tumor," Collins concludes. "Future studies would likely involve drugs to make the tumor more sensitive to radiation."

Explore further: Taking the guesswork out of cancer therapy

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

New options when an old enemy returns

Sep 21, 2008

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most challenging malignancies to treat, and recurrence is common, even after initial treatment with surgery and radiation. When the cancer does return, treatment options are often limited to ...

Recommended for you

Pepper and halt: Spicy chemical may inhibit gut tumors

1 hour ago

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that dietary capsaicin – the active ingredient in chili peppers – produces chronic activation of a receptor on cells lining ...

Expressive writing may help breast cancer survivors

3 hours ago

Writing down fears, emotions and the benefits of a cancer diagnosis may improve health outcomes for Asian-American breast cancer survivors, according to a study conducted by a researcher at the University of Houston (UH).

Taking the guesswork out of cancer therapy

8 hours ago

Researchers and doctors at the Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (IBN), Singapore General Hospital (SGH) and National Cancer Centre Singapore (NCCS) have co-developed the first molecular test ...

Brain tumour cells found circulating in blood

9 hours ago

(Medical Xpress)—German scientists have discovered rogue brain tumour cells in patient blood samples, challenging the idea that this type of cancer doesn't generally spread beyond the brain.

International charge on new radiation treatment for cancer

10 hours ago

(Medical Xpress)—Imagine a targeted radiation therapy for cancer that could pinpoint and blast away tumors more effectively than traditional methods, with fewer side effects and less damage to surrounding tissues and organs.

User comments : 0