Study demonstrates ways to increase climate benefits from forests
The approach builds on three pillars:
- reducing and/or removing greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate climate change
- adapting forest management to build resilient forests
- active forest management aiming to sustainably increase productivity and provide all benefits that forests can provide.
The From Science to Policy report demonstrates how concrete CSF measures could impact CO2 removals in three different case study regions in Europe: Spain, Czech Republic and Republic of Ireland. Each region has different characteristics in its forests and forest sector, and faces different challenges.
Scenario projections for parts of Spain (1.6 million ha), the Czech Republic (2.7 million ha) and the Republic of Ireland (0.8 million ha) provided insights in the carbon balance of the forest ecosystems, and harvested wood products material and energy substitution effects.
For the three case studies, an average overall net additional mitigation effect of 7.1 Mt CO2/yr after 50 years is achieved by implementing CSF measures. This can be considered to be a large effect.
The mitigation effect is achieved via very different regional measures. These are intended to result in forest ecosystems that are better adapted to future conditions, for example with reduced vulnerability to drought and bark beetle (Czech Republic), storms (Republic of Ireland) and wildfires (Spain). The measures also have other benefits: a conversion to a more natural tree species composition (Czech Republic) may have positive benefits for biodiversity. Increased wood removals together with investments to stimulate forest productivity may provide additional income to forest owners (Republic of Ireland and Spain) and are a stimulus to building with wood.
Climate-Smart Forestry: mitigation impacts in three European regions: https://efi.int/sites/default/files/files/publication-bank/2018/efi_fstp_6_2018.pdf
Provided by European Forest Institute