New method optimizes outcomes for subjects in comparison tests

Clinical trials of new drugs or devices face a problem that most empirical inquiries don't: They must not only provide clear data about toxicity and efficacy but also try to maximize the quality of treatment for all of the ...

Quantum dots make efficient decisions

Even the simplest forms of life face an endless barrage of decisions—where to search for sustenance, for example, or how to avoid predators. Various mathematical models can mimic these decision-making processes, coming ...

What smart bees can teach humans about collective intelligence

When it comes to making decisions, most of us are influenced to some degree by other people, whether that's choosing a restaurant or a political candidate. We want to know what others think before we make that choice.

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