Using math to examine the sex differences in dinosaurs

Male lions typically have manes. Male peacocks have six-foot-long tail feathers. Female eagles and hawks can be about 30% bigger than males. But if you only had these animals' fossils to go off of, it would be hard to confidently ...

Can we really tell male and female dinosaurs apart?

Scientists worldwide have long debated our ability to identify male and female dinosaurs. Now, research led by Queen Mary University of London has shown that despite previous claims of success, it's very difficult to spot ...

Extinct giant turtle had horned shell of up to three meters

Paleobiologists from the University of Zurich have discovered exceptional specimens in Venezuela and Colombia of an extinct giant freshwater turtle called Stupendemys. The carapace of this turtle, which is the largest ever ...

Why males pack a powerful punch

Elk have antlers. Rams have horns. In the animal kingdom, males develop specialized weapons for competition when winning a fight is critical. Humans do too, according to new research from the University of Utah. Males' upper ...

Scientists demonstrate new driver of extinction

The lengths that some males go to attract a mate can pay off in the short-term. But according to a new study from scientists at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), extravagant investments in reproduction ...

Gender roles in ancient times

Two new studies by Osaka University researchers provide insights on why male and female bodies of the same species differ. The studies show factors that regulate the expression of doublesex1, a gene responsible for the growth ...

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