How light can be used to control processes in synthetic cells

Synthetic (artificially produced) cells can imitate certain functions of biological cells. These synthetic cells could open up new medical possibilities in the future. In laboratories, such cells can already help in chemical ...

The building blocks for exploring new exotic states of matter

Topological insulators act as electrical insulators on the inside but conduct electricity along their surfaces. Researchers study some of these insulators' exotic behavior using an external magnetic field to force the ion ...

Researchers develop a reactor that can destroy 'forever chemicals'

"Forever chemicals," named for their ability to persist in water and soil, are a class of molecules that are ever-present in our daily lives, including food packaging and household cleaning products. Because these chemicals ...

Scientists take control of magnetism at the microscopic level

Atoms in magnetic materials are organized into regions called magnetic domains. Within each domain, the electrons have the same magnetic orientation. This means their spins point in the same direction. "Walls" separate the ...

A better way to quantify radiation damage in materials

It was just a piece of junk sitting in the back of a lab at the MIT Nuclear Reactor facility, ready to be disposed of. But it became the key to demonstrating a more comprehensive way of detecting atomic-level structural damage ...

New catalyst leads to more efficient butadiene production

Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a new catalyst that improves the efficiency of converting butane, a component of natural gas, into butadiene—a building block in synthetic rubber and a variety ...

Key material development for fusion energy application

In a review paper recently published in the Journal of Nuclear Materials, Prof. Haug Qunying from the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, together with collaborators, has introduced ...

Novel method to accelerate neutron transport calculations

Dr. Zheng Yu from the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences, in cooperation with researchers from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology of Germany, has proposed a new method to accelerate the ...

Physicists confront the neutron lifetime puzzle

To solve a long-standing puzzle about how long a neutron can "live" outside an atomic nucleus, physicists entertained a wild but testable theory positing the existence of a right-handed version of our left-handed universe. ...

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