Designer proteins form wires and lattices on mineral surface

The goal of the research, published July 11 in the journal Nature, was to engineer artificial proteins to self-assemble on a crystal surface by creating an exact match between the pattern of amino acids in the protein and ...

How antifreeze proteins stop ice cold

How do insects survive harsh northern winters?  Unlike mammals, they don't have thick coats of fur to keep warm.  But they do have antifreeze. Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) prevent ice from forming and spreading inside their ...

A close up look at how bacteria make ice

(Phys.org)—A combined team of researchers from Germany and the U.S. has taken a closer look at a type of bacteria that is able to cause ice to form, sometimes even under conditions above the normal freezing point.

Pee power: Urine-loving bug churns out space fuel

Scientists on Sunday said they had gained insights into a remarkable bacterium that lives without oxygen and transforms ammonium, the ingredient of urine, into hydrazine, a rocket fuel.

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