Mathematical model helps to explain the formation of spine and ribs

At an early stage in vertebrates' embryonic development somites form: these are primitive segments from which the spine, ribs, back muscles, cartilage, tendons and part of the skin develop. It is known that mechanical forces ...

Stimulating resonance with two very different forces

Widely studied in many different fields, 'nonlinear' systems can display excessively dramatic responses when the forces which cause them to vibrate are changed. Some of these systems are sensitive to changes in the very parameters ...

The 'airbag' that protects cells against stress

Scientists at the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares (CNIC) have identified the molecular mechanisms that allow cells to survive mechanical stress. The results, published today in Nature Communications, show ...

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