Related topics: high temperatures

Antimatter from laser pincers

In the depths of space, there are celestial bodies where extreme conditions prevail: Rapidly rotating neutron stars generate super-strong magnetic fields. And black holes, with their enormous gravitational pull, can cause ...

Image: Antarctica welcomes the return of sunlight

A fortnight after the 21 June winter solstice in Antarctica, the crew at Concordia Research Station are slowly welcoming the return of sunlight. This photo was taken by ESA-sponsored medical doctor Nick Smith on 1 July at ...

Particle physicists study 'little bangs' at the ATLAS experiment

A new result from the ATLAS Collaboration at CERN studies the interactions of photons—particles of light—with lead nuclei at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Using new data collection techniques, physicists revealed an ...

A crystal made of electrons

Researchers at ETH Zurich have succeeded in observing a crystal that consists only of electrons. Such Wigner crystals were already predicted almost ninety years ago but could only now be observed directly in a semiconductor ...

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Extreme environment

An extreme environment exhibits extreme conditions which are challenging to most life forms. These may be extremely high or low ranges of temperature, radiation, pressure, acidity, alkalinity, air, water, salt, sugar, carbon dioxide, sulphur, petroleum and many others. An extreme environment is one place where humans generally do not live or could die there. There are organisms referred to as extremophiles, that inhabit these spaces and are so well-adapted that they readily grow and multiply. Examples of extreme environments include the geographical poles, very dry deserts, volcanoes, deep ocean trenches, upper atmosphere, Mt Everest, outer space and other planets. The life that can live finely in these conditions, are very well adapted to these circumstances. It is in a way that the animal and land was made for each other. This adaptation also includes evolution of the animal of which is living there. Some times the life in the extreme habitat dies because humans are trying to find uses for this land or just for experimentation, and a lot of times humans affect the habitat by using the land space or with pollution.

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