Deciphering the ethylene biosynthesis puzzle in banana fruit ripening

Ethylene, a key phytohormone, plays a vital role in the ripening of climacteric fruits like bananas, with its biosynthesis being a focal point of agricultural research due to its impact on fruit quality and shelf life. Transcription ...

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Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a gaseous organic compound with the formula C2H4. It is the simplest alkene (older name: olefin from its oil-forming property). Because it contains a carbon-carbon double bond, ethylene is classified as an unsaturated hydrocarbon. Ethylene is widely used in industry and is also a plant hormone. Ethylene is the most produced organic compound in the world; global production of ethylene exceeded 107 million tonnes in 2005. To meet the ever increasing demand for ethylene, sharp increases in production facilities are added globally, particularly in the Persian Gulf countries and in China.

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