A new way to measure energy in microscopic machines

What drives cells to live and engines to move? It all comes down to a quantity that scientists call "free energy," essentially the energy that can be extracted from any system to perform useful work. Without this available ...

Painting a clear picture of how nitrogen oxides are formed

Nitrogen oxides (NOx) are some of the most significant pollutants in our atmosphere—they contribute to the formation of smog, acid rain and ground-level ozone. Because of this, combustion researchers and engine companies ...

Evaporation dynamics at the nano- and micro-scale

A new evaporation dynamics study finds that very small droplets evaporate more slowly than predicted by current models. Researchers from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences (IPC PAS) in Warsaw, ...

Creating longer-lasting fuel cells

Fuel cells could someday generate electricity for nearly any device that's battery-powered, including automobiles, laptops and cellphones. Typically using hydrogen as fuel and air as an oxidant, fuel cells are cleaner than ...

With fossil fuel bans, e-cars shift into higher gear

Beijing's announcement that it is considering joining France and Britain in banning petrol and diesel cars from its smog-clogged roads promises to accelerate a push towards electric vehicles—a race in which Chinese carmakers ...

Jaguar cars set to go electric from 2020

Jaguar Land Rover will make all its new vehicles available in electric or hybrid models from 2020, it said on Thursday, two months after a similar announcement from Volvo.

World gears up for electric cars despite bumps in road

Technological advances mean fossil fuel in cars could be phased out within decades but switching to electric carries its own environmental and economic concerns as more and more countries announce radical plans.

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