The protective layer of prehistoric land plants

An international research team has discovered a biochemical pathway that is responsible for the development of moss cuticles. These waxy coverings of epidermal cells are the outer layer of plants and protect them from water ...

Synthetic biology used to engineer new route to biochemicals

Living cells can make a vast range of products for us, but they don't always do it in the most straightforward or efficient way. Shota Atsumi, a chemistry professor at UC Davis, aims to address that through "synthetic biology:" ...

Study reveals new insights into sulfate-reducing bacteria

(Phys.org) —Sulfate-reducing bacteria are common in oxygen-deprived habitats, and they can have harmful industrial and health effects as well as beneficial environmental effects. This study examines the biochemical pathways ...

Scientists identify 'molecular fossil' in fungi

(Phys.org) —All but a few eukaryotes die without oxygen, and they respond dynamically to changes in the level of oxygen available to them. UCD scientists used genetic analysis to pinpoint an evolutionary switch in regulating ...

It takes a(n academic) village to determine an enzyme's function

Scientists have sequenced the genomes of nearly 6,900 organisms, but they know the functions of only about half of the protein-coding genes thus far discovered. Now a multidisciplinary effort involving 15 scientists from ...

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