DNA sequence enhances our understanding of the origins of jaws

The vast majority of vertebrate species living today, including humans, belong to the jawed vertebrate group. The development of articulating jaws during vertebrate evolution was one of the most significant evolutionary transitions ...

Scientists unveil the functional landscape of essential genes

A team of scientists at Whitehead Institute and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard have systematically evaluated the functions of more than 5,000 essential human genes using a novel, pooled, imaged-based screening method. ...

Nanosensors target enzymes to monitor and study cancer

Cancer is characterized by a number of key biological processes known as the "hallmarks of cancer," which remodel cells and their immediate environment so that tumors can form, grow, and thrive. Many of these changes are ...

Microbes in Arctic soils are primed to react to climate change

Global warming is heating the Arctic faster than the rest of the planet. Svalbard, an archipelago north of Norway, is warming even faster than the remainder of the Arctic, making it a "canary in a coalmine" for climate change ...

A new technique for observing gene activity in a test tube

When searching for the causes of illnesses and developing new treatments, it is absolutely vital to have a precise understanding of the genetic fundamentals. Würzburg researchers have devised a new technique for this purpose.

Seasonal regulation in the bean bug brain's biological clock

Not only does organism's body have a biological clock that can tell the time of the day, it can also tell the time of the year. Researchers from Japan have found that one capable little molecule may be behind the mechanism ...

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