First detailed electronic study of new nickelate superconductor

The discovery last year of the first nickel oxide material that shows clear signs of superconductivity set off a race by scientists around the world to find out more. The crystal structure of the material is similar to copper ...

A water-splitting catalyst unlike any other

Electricity can be generated by renewable sources such as sunlight and wind, then used to split water, which makes hydrogen as a fuel for emerging energy devices such as fuel cells. Because hydrogen is a clean fuel, researchers ...

Trisulfur anion helps explain gold deposits on Earth

(Phys.org)—People have been excavating gold for thousands of years as a precious rare metal. Gold is in relatively low abundance in the Earth's crust likely coming from the metallic core and from meteorites. For reasons ...

A graphene-based sensor that is tunable and highly sensitive

Many areas of fundamental research are interested in graphene owing to its exceptional characteristics. It is made of one layer of carbon atoms, which makes it light and sturdy, and it is an excellent thermal and electrical ...

Team reveals molecular structure of water at gold electrodes

When a solid material is immersed in a liquid, the liquid immediately next to its surface differs from that of the bulk liquid at the molecular level. This interfacial layer is critical to our understanding of a diverse set ...

The self-improvement of lithium-ion batteries

(Phys.org)—The search for clean and green energy in the 21st century requires a better and more efficient battery technology. The key to attaining that goal may lie in designing and building batteries not from the top down, ...

New VECSEL could mean a step forward for spectroscopy

(PhysOrg.com) -- "Unfortunately, for spectroscopy, the beam quality of quantum cascade lasers is not satisfying," Hans Zogg tells PhysOrg.com. "We are developing lasers for the mid-infrared range which have an especially ...

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