Search results for neural networks

Biotechnology Nov 23, 2020

Identifying compound classes through machine learning

Everything that lives has metabolites, produces metabolites and consumes metabolites. These molecules arise as intermediate and end products from chemical processes in an organism's metabolism. Therefore, they not only have ...

Analytical Chemistry Nov 10, 2020

AI-powered 'electronic nose' to sniff out meat freshness

A team of scientists led by Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) has invented an artificial olfactory system that mimics the mammalian nose to assess the freshness of meat accurately.

Condensed Matter Nov 17, 2020

New phase of modeling the viscous coupling effects of multiphase fluid flow

Many applications, including carbon dioxide storage and oil recovery, involve the simultaneous flow of two or more phases of matter (solid, liquid, gas, etc.) through porous materials. Pore-scale modeling of such multiphase ...

Astronomy Nov 13, 2020

Family tree of the Milky Way deciphered

Scientists have known for some time that galaxies can grow by the merging of smaller galaxies, but the ancestry of our own Milky Way galaxy has been a long-standing mystery. Now, an international team of astrophysicists has ...

Nanophysics Oct 29, 2020

Graphene-based memory resistors show promise for brain-based computing

As progress in traditional computing slows, new forms of computing are coming to the forefront. At Penn State, a team of engineers is attempting to pioneer a type of computing that mimics the efficiency of the brain's neural ...

Condensed Matter Nov 10, 2020

Scientists uncover secrets to designing brain-like devices

Even with decades of unprecedented development in computational power, the human brain still holds many advantages over modern computing technologies. Our brains are extremely efficient for many cognitive tasks and do not ...

Environment Oct 29, 2020

Sensors driven by machine learning sniff-out gas leaks fast

A new study confirms the success of a natural-gas leak-detection tool pioneered by Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists that uses sensors and machine learning to locate leak points at oil and gas fields, promising new ...

Earth Sciences Oct 28, 2020

Location and extent of coral reefs mapped worldwide using advanced AI

Nearly 75% of the world's coral reefs are under threat from global stressors such as climate change and local stressors such as overfishing and coastal development. Those working to understand and protect coral reefs are ...

Molecular & Computational biology Oct 28, 2020

Deep learning and bioinformatics tools enable in-depth study of glycan molecules for understanding infections

We're told from a young age not to eat too much sugar, but in reality, our bodies are full of the stuff. The surface of every living cell, and even viruses, is covered in a mess of glycans: long, branching chains of simple ...

Optics & Photonics Nov 02, 2020

Single-shot 3-D wide-field fluorescence imaging with a computational miniature mesoscope

The online feature cover photograph on Science Advances this week displays fluorescence imaging with a computational miniature mesoscope (CM2). The technique of fluorescence imaging is an essential tool for biologists and ...

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