Search results for bone mineralization

Biochemistry Jul 11, 2019

Osteoblastic lysosome plays a central role in mineralization

Mineralization is mediated by osteoblasts, which secrete mineral precursors through matrix vesicles (MVs) as a fundamental process in vertebrates. The vesicles are calcium and phosphate rich, containing organic materials ...

Plants & Animals Jul 05, 2019

Tracking evolution through teeth: The small-fry ancestor of the great white shark

Mackerel sharks (Lamniformes) are a group consisting of some of the most iconic sharks we know, including the mako shark (the fastest shark in the world), the infamous great white shark, and Megalodon, the biggest predatory ...

Bio & Medicine Apr 26, 2019

Stimulating the differentiation of bone precursors with organically modified hydroxyapatite (ormoHAP) nanospheres

Bioinspired materials mimic their natural counterparts for characteristic functionality in multidisciplinary applications forming a popular theme in biomaterials development. In bone tissue engineering, for instance, researchers ...

Bio & Medicine May 02, 2019

3-D printing of biological tissue

The future of medicine is biological – and scientists hope we will soon be using 3-D-printed biologically functional tissue to replace irreparably damaged tissue in the body. A team of researchers from the Fraunhofer Institute ...

Plants & Animals May 14, 2019

Researchers find bone resorption and body reorganization result in transfer of toxic metals in anguillid eels

A team of researchers from several institutions in Germany and one in Belgium has found that as female anguillid eels undergo body reorganization prior to spawning, they transfer toxic metals to their ovaries. In their paper ...

Ecology Jun 11, 2019

Life in Antarctica's ice mirrors human disease

The cooling of the Southern Ocean surrounding Antarctica, which began approximately 35 million years ago and gave rise to its present icy state, has for decades been considered a classic example of climate change triggering ...

Archaeology & Fossils Jun 06, 2019

'Herd' of dinosaurs found underground at Lightning Ridge

Scientists have revealed that fossils from an underground opal mine near Lightning Ridge, outback NSW, include remains from a herd of dinosaurs, among them a new dinosaur species and the world's most complete opalized dinosaur.

Materials Science Jun 11, 2019

Bioinspired Materials—Graphene-enabled nickel composites

Bioinspired engineering strategies rely on achieving the combined biological properties of strength and toughness inherent in nature. Tissue engineers and materials scientists therefore aim to construct intelligent, hierarchical ...

Other Jul 10, 2008

Toothpick: New molecular tag IDs bone and tooth minerals

Enlisting an army of plant viruses to their cause, materials researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology have identified a small biomolecule that binds specifically to one of the key crystal structures ...

Space Exploration Aug 24, 2012

NASA study provides new findings on protecting astronauts' bones through diet and exercise

(Phys.org)—Eating the right diet and exercising hard in space helps protect International Space Station astronauts' bones, a finding that may help solve one of the key problems facing future explorers heading beyond low ...

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