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en-usPhys.org provides the latest news on mathematics, math, math science, mathematical science and math technology. Scientists develop method to help epidemiologists map spread of COVID-19Rochester Institute of Technology scientists have developed a method they believe will help epidemiologists more efficiently predict the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. Their new study, published in Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, outlines a solution to the SIR epidemic model, which is commonly used to predict how many people are susceptible to, infected by, and recovered from viral epidemics.
https://phys.org/news/2020-05-scientists-method-epidemiologists-covid-.html
Mathematics Fri, 29 May 2020 17:33:31 EDTnews509992407Solution to century-old math problem could predict transmission of infectious diseasesA Bristol academic has achieved a milestone in statistical/mathematical physics by solving a 100-year-old physics problem—the discrete diffusion equation in finite space.
https://phys.org/news/2020-05-solution-century-old-math-problem-transmission.html
Mathematics Fri, 29 May 2020 11:15:09 EDTnews509969707Mathematician helps resolve question first asked 60 years agoAn Irish mathematician, Dr. Martin Kerin, from the School of Mathematics, Statistics and Applied Mathematics at NUI Galway, has had a research article published in the Annals of Mathematics, widely regarded as the top journal for pure mathematics in the world. The article, written in collaboration with Professor Sebastian Goette of the University of Freiburg and Professor Krishnan Shankar of the University of Oklahoma, resolves a question first asked around 60 years ago on the geometrical properties of seven-dimensional objects which very closely resemble spheres.
https://phys.org/news/2020-05-mathematician-years.html
Mathematics Thu, 28 May 2020 13:02:20 EDTnews509889737Mathematicians reveal the science behind figure skatingA new mathematical model developed by University of Alberta scientists shows how figure skaters move across the ice—and could help professional skaters hone their technique or prevent injuries.
https://phys.org/news/2020-05-mathematicians-reveal-science-figure-skating.html
Mathematics Tue, 26 May 2020 08:38:57 EDTnews509701128The mystique of mathematics: 5 beautiful math phenomenaMathematics is visible everywhere in nature, even where we are not expecting it. It can help explain the way galaxies spiral, a seashell curves, patterns replicate, and rivers bend.
https://phys.org/news/2020-05-mystique-mathematics-beautiful-math-phenomena.html
Mathematics Education Wed, 20 May 2020 08:00:02 EDTnews509180198Modeling COVID-19 data must be done with extreme care, scientists sayAs the infectious virus causing the COVID-19 disease began its devastating spread around the globe, an international team of scientists was alarmed by the lack of uniform approaches by various countries' epidemiologists to respond to it.
https://phys.org/news/2020-05-covid-extreme-scientists.html
Mathematics Tue, 19 May 2020 11:00:06 EDTnews509092450An inmate's love for math leads to new discoveriesThere are many examples of mathematical breakthroughs achieved in prison. Maybe the most famous is from the French mathematician Andre Weil, who came up with his hugely influential conjectures while in a military prison in Rouen, France. Another mathematical giant, Srinivasan Ramanujan, started off with no formal training in mathematics and produced most of his revolutionary results in complete isolation.
https://phys.org/news/2020-05-inmate-math-discoveries.html
Mathematics Fri, 15 May 2020 08:50:01 EDTnews508751155The math behind the COVID-19 modelingSome of us might have been happy to leave mathematics behind in high school or college, but as the COVID-19 pandemic has spread, math has had a daily effect on all of our lives—even if we don't have to crunch the numbers ourselves.
https://phys.org/news/2020-05-math-covid-.html
Mathematics Thu, 14 May 2020 10:00:02 EDTnews508666682Model of beef cattle, transportation industries as critical infrastructures reveals vulnerabilitiesAn interdisciplinary team of Kansas State University researchers developed a computer simulation that revealed beef supply chain vulnerabilities that need safeguarding—a realistic concern during the COVID-19 pandemic.
https://phys.org/news/2020-05-beef-cattle-industries-critical-infrastructures.html
Mathematics Economics & Business Tue, 12 May 2020 10:20:03 EDTnews508496805The strategy against COVID-19 spreading depends on mathematical modeling—but how?COVID-19 is presently impacting the entire world and different approaches to stopping the epidemic are tested around the globe. As weeks pass by, we learn more and more about this little virus, which affects our everyday lives and our world so much. In the biocomplexity section at the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI), University of Copenhagen, the researchers are busy applying methods from the physics of complex systems to examine how the epidemic is best handled. The, by now, well known and simplest manner is the "lock down," which we've been going through during the months of March and April. It is also the most expensive, it proved to be efficient, something we couldn't know before testing it. But there are many ways of calculating and forecasting the development of the epidemic, and the researchers in biocomplexity and complex systems explain one of them here, as well as some of the most prevalent concepts presented in the media.
https://phys.org/news/2020-05-strategy-covid-mathematical-modelingbut.html
Mathematics Fri, 08 May 2020 09:30:02 EDTnews508146945New call to examine old narratives: Infectious disease modeling study casts doubt on the Justinianic Plague's impactMany have claimed the Justinianic Plague (c. 541-750 CE) killed half of the population of Roman Empire. Now, historical research and mathematical modeling challenge the death rate and severity of this first plague pandemic.
https://phys.org/news/2020-05-narratives-infectious-disease-justinianic-plague.html
Mathematics Social Sciences Sat, 02 May 2020 08:23:16 EDTnews507626591Defining geographic regions with commuter dataA new mathematical approach uses data on people's commutes between and within U.S. counties to identify important geographic regions. Mark He of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and colleagues present this work in the open-access journal PLOS ONE on April 29, 2020.
https://phys.org/news/2020-05-geographic-regions-commuter.html
Mathematics Social Sciences Fri, 01 May 2020 02:55:34 EDTnews507520529A new way to accurately estimate COVID-19 death tollA Rutgers engineer has created a mathematical model that accurately estimates the death toll linked to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States and could be used around the world.
https://phys.org/news/2020-04-accurately-covid-death-toll.html
Mathematics Thu, 30 Apr 2020 06:58:28 EDTnews507448703Mathematical curves predict evolution in COVID-19 spreadEfforts to contain the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic are now the top priority of governments across the globe. As they make these life-saving decisions, it is particularly crucial for policymakers to accurately predict how the spread of the virus will change over time. Through research published in EPJ Plus, Ignazio Ciufolini at the University of Salento, and Antonio Paolozzi at Sapienza University of Rome, identify a clear mathematical trend in the evolution of daily new cases and death numbers in China, and use the same curve to predict how a similar slowdown will unfold in Italy.
https://phys.org/news/2020-04-mathematical-evolution-covid-.html
Mathematics Thu, 23 Apr 2020 12:54:59 EDTnews506865296Matheminecraft: Where math and Minecraft meetMathematician David Strütt, a scientific collaborator at EPFL, worked for four months to develop Matheminecraft, a math video game in Minecraft, where the gamer has to find a Eulerian cycle in a graph. Minecraft is a sandbox video game released in 2011, where the gamer can build almost anything, from simple houses to complex calculators, using only cubes and fluids. These countless possibilities are what lured David Strütt into Minecraft's universe: "the game might be first intended for kids but I was studying for my Bachelor's degree in mathematics when I discovered it. I fell in love with the game when I realized there is all the necessary blocks to build a Turing machine inside the game. It was a long time ago, so I have since forgotten what a Turing machine is. But the gist of it is: anything is possible inside the game."
https://phys.org/news/2020-04-matheminecraft-math-minecraft.html
Mathematics Education Tue, 21 Apr 2020 08:32:17 EDTnews506676728Better predictions of the working life of industrial componentsA minor disparity between an established mathematical model to predict creep crack growth behavior in materials in high-temperature environments and actual data has prompted Dr. Warwick Payten to reassess the approach and revise the model.
https://phys.org/news/2020-04-life-industrial-components.html
Mathematics Thu, 16 Apr 2020 08:45:29 EDTnews506245528Mochizuki's inter-universal Teichmüller proof has been published (Update)After eight years of debate, Japanese mathematician Shinichi Mochizuki has found a publisher for his mammoth undertaking—the inter-universal Teichmüller theory (IUT). As part of the 600-page proof, Mochizuki claims that he has solved the abc conjecture. The proof appears in Publications of the Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences—Mochizuki is editor in chief there.
https://phys.org/news/2020-04-mochizuki-inter-universal-teichmller-proof-published.html
Mathematics Tue, 07 Apr 2020 08:40:02 EDTnews505463587Decrypting cryptocurrenciesCryptocurrencies have been treated as a financial terra incognita—they have enjoyed growing interest but also raised concerns due to their virtuality. The use of statistical methods utilizing correlation matrices to analyze the hundred most-traded virtual currencies shows that the cryptocurrency market in the last two years is less and less different from the mature global currency market (Forex) and becomes independent of it. It means cryptocurrencies can be considered a serious and full-fledged financial instrument.
https://phys.org/news/2020-04-decrypting-cryptocurrencies.html
Mathematics Economics & Business Thu, 02 Apr 2020 12:28:50 EDTnews505049325Representation of driving behavior as a statistical modelA joint research team from Toyohashi University of Technology, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Toyota Transportation Research Institute, and Daido University has established a method to represent driving behaviors and their changes that differ among drivers in a single statistical model, taking into account the effect of various external factors such as road structure. This method was applied to measure the effectiveness of Intelligent Speed Adaptation (ISA), which controls excessive speed violations. As a result, the research team found that in some cases, it is effective for drivers with a high tendency of frequent excessive speeding, and in other cases, effective only for elderly drivers depending on the style of the ISA. This method can be applied not only to ISA but also to measure the effectiveness of traffic safety management technologies that encourage drivers to change their various driving behaviors.
https://phys.org/news/2020-04-representation-behavior-statistical.html
Mathematics Thu, 02 Apr 2020 12:18:56 EDTnews505048728Math professor and students take 'random walk' togetherSome people like to take random walks through the woods, while others might stroll through their own neighborhood. In the world of math, a random walk is in fact more random than this; it would be the equivalent of flipping a coin to decide which direction you would take with each step.
https://phys.org/news/2020-03-math-professor-students-random.html
Mathematics Fri, 27 Mar 2020 07:13:25 EDTnews504512001Mathematical epidemiology: How to model a pandemicDisease has afflicted humans ever since there have been human. Malaria and tuberculosis are thought to have ravaged Ancient Egypt more than 5,000 years ago. From AD 541 to 542 the global pandemic known as "the Plague of Justinian" is estimated to have killed 15–25% of the world's 200-million population. Following the Spanish conquest of Mexico, the native population dropped from around 30 million in 1519 to just three million 50 years later. Today we are battling to control the spread of COVID-19, which has the potential to cause the most deadly pandemic in human history.
https://phys.org/news/2020-03-mathematical-epidemiology-pandemic.html
Mathematics Thu, 26 Mar 2020 10:06:12 EDTnews504435969How to break new records in the 200 metres?Usain Bolt's 200m record has not been beaten for ten years and Florence Griffith Joyner's for more than thirty years. And what if the secret behind beating records was to use mathematics? Thanks to a mathematical model, Amandine Aftalion, CNRS researcher at the Centre d'analyse et de mathématique sociales (CNRS/EHESS), and Emmanuel Trélat, a Sorbonne Université researcher at the Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions (CNRS/Sorbonne Université/ Université de Paris) have proved that the geometry of athletic tracks could be optimised to improve records. They recommend to build shorter straights and larger radii in the future. These findings are to be published in Royal Society Open Science on 25 March, 2020.
https://phys.org/news/2020-03-metres.html
Mathematics Wed, 25 Mar 2020 12:39:12 EDTnews504358736Mathematicians develop new theory to explain real-world randomnessBrownian motion describes the random movement of particles in fluids, however, this revolutionary model only works when a fluid is static, or at equilibrium.
https://phys.org/news/2020-03-mathematicians-theory-real-world-randomness.html
Mathematics Wed, 18 Mar 2020 12:00:04 EDTnews503739933New record set for cryptographic challengeAn international team of computer scientists has set a new record for integer factorization, one of the most important computational problems underlying the security of nearly all public-key cryptography currently used today.
https://phys.org/news/2020-03-cryptographic.html
Mathematics Thu, 12 Mar 2020 08:59:35 EDTnews503222372March Madness bracket analysis shows picking final four first leads to better bracketsData science researchers at the University of Illinois have some March Madness advice based on new research: Pick top-seeded teams as the Final Four in your March Madness bracket and work backward and forward from there. If you are going to submit multiple brackets—as you can in the ESPN, CBS Sports and Yahoo Challenges—starting with the Final Four is still a good strategy, but make sure you also diversify your brackets as much as possible.
https://phys.org/news/2020-03-madness-bracket-analysis-brackets.html
Mathematics Wed, 04 Mar 2020 16:02:55 EDTnews502560154Study sheds light on how people make Super Tuesday or other tough choicesOn Super Tuesday, Democratic voters from Colorado and across the United States will face a serious decision: Sanders or Warren? Biden, Klobuchar or Bloomberg? Then, afterward, what kind of wine to drink.
https://phys.org/news/2020-03-people-super-tuesday-tough-choices.html
Mathematics Mon, 02 Mar 2020 16:15:00 EDTnews502388096Speak math, not codeHave you ever followed a recipe to bake some bread? If you have, congratulations; you have executed an algorithm. The algorithms that follow us around the internet to suggest items we might like, and those that control what shows up in our Facebook feeds may seem mysterious and uncanny at times. Yet, an algorithm is simply a set of instructions to be completed in a specified sequence, whether by human bakers or computer programs.
https://phys.org/news/2020-03-math-code.html
Mathematics Mon, 02 Mar 2020 10:23:31 EDTnews502367008Researchers find string theory link in a class of complex numbersA collaboration of a mathematician and a physicist has shown that the modular forms associated with elliptic curves with complex multiplications are expressed in terms of observables in superstring theory.
https://phys.org/news/2020-03-theory-link-class-complex.html
Mathematics Mon, 02 Mar 2020 08:52:53 EDTnews502361571Algorithm inspired by slime mold foragingNature has provided a great deal of inspiration for computer scientists developing search algorithms and ways to solve complicated problems with as little computing power as possible. Ant colonies, beehives, bat hunting, and now slime mold foraging can be used as models on which an algorithm can be constructed.
https://phys.org/news/2020-02-algorithm-slime-mold-foraging.html
Mathematics Thu, 27 Feb 2020 09:28:28 EDTnews502018106Mixing math and ecology to explain why Marvel movies are so popularThe Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) is by far the most successful movie franchise ever. More so than James Bond, Harry Potter or even "Star Wars." But why?
https://phys.org/news/2020-02-math-ecology-marvel-movies-popular.html
Mathematics Thu, 27 Feb 2020 09:09:47 EDTnews502016984