Mathematics News - Math News, Mathematical Sciences
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en-usThe latest news on mathematics, math, math science, mathematical science and math technology. Math discovery provides new method to study cell activity, agingNew mathematical tools revealing how quickly cell proteins break down are poised to uncover deeper insights into how we age, according to a recently published paper co-authored by a Mississippi State researcher and his colleagues from Harvard Medical School and the University of Cambridge.
https://phys.org/news/2024-05-math-discovery-method-cell-aging.html
Mathematics Tue, 21 May 2024 13:32:54 EDTnews635517171The case for 'math-ish' thinkingFor everyone whose relationship with mathematics is distant or broken, Jo Boaler, a professor at Stanford Graduate School of Education (GSE), has ideas for repairing it. She particularly wants young people to feel comfortable with numbers from the start—to approach the subject with playfulness and curiosity, not anxiety or dread.
https://phys.org/news/2024-05-case-math-ish.html
Mathematics Education Tue, 21 May 2024 12:58:04 EDTnews635515082A mathematical understanding of project schedulesComplex projects are made up of many activities, the duration of which vary according to a power law; this model can be used to predict overall project duration and delay.
https://phys.org/news/2024-05-mathematical.html
Mathematics Economics & Business Wed, 15 May 2024 15:37:52 EDTnews635006270Mechanistic model shows how much gossip is needed to foster social cooperationGossip often has a negative connotation, but imagine you are part of a group deciding on a job candidate to hire or a local political candidate to back. Candidates who get a good reputation by helping others may be more likely to receive help in the form of a job offer or endorsement, a feedback loop known as indirect reciprocity. Gossip can facilitate cooperation.
https://phys.org/news/2024-05-mechanistic-gossip-foster-social-cooperation.html
Mathematics Social Sciences Wed, 15 May 2024 12:59:00 EDTnews634996737Malawi's school kids are using tablets to improve their reading and math skillsMalawi introduced free primary education in 1994. This has significantly improved access to schooling. However, the country—which is one of the poorest in the world—still faces a high learning poverty rate of 87%. Learning poverty is a measure of a child's inability to meet minimum proficiency in reading, numeracy and other skills at the primary school level. Malawi's rate means that 87% of children in standard 4, at age 10, are unable to read.
https://phys.org/news/2024-05-malawi-school-kids-tablets-math.html
Mathematics Education Mon, 13 May 2024 12:30:01 EDTnews634821618Random processes shape science and math: Researchers propose a unified, probabilistic frameworkWill a certain tritium atom decay by a certain time? According to our current science, this question concerning physical phenomena should be answered by sampling from a probability distribution, a process not unlike spinning a roulette wheel or rolling dice. However, a paper in Foundations of Physics suggests that the same could be true of a question concerning mathematical phenomena, even one as prosaic as "what is 2+2?"
https://phys.org/news/2024-05-random-science-math-probabilistic-framework.html
Mathematics Thu, 09 May 2024 09:42:02 EDTnews634466521Can science explain why couples break up? The mathematical anatomy of a fallFrench director Justine Triet's "Anatomy of a Fall," winner of the 2023 Oscar for best original script, reconstructs a fatal fall in order to dissect the collapse of the romantic relationship between the film's leading couple, Sandra Voyter and Samuel Maleski.
https://phys.org/news/2024-05-science-couples-mathematical-anatomy-fall.html
Mathematics Social Sciences Wed, 08 May 2024 12:01:04 EDTnews634388462Why are algorithms called algorithms? A brief history of the Persian polymath you've likely never heard ofAlgorithms have become integral to our lives. From social media apps to Netflix, algorithms learn your preferences and prioritize the content you are shown. Google Maps and artificial intelligence are nothing without algorithms.
https://phys.org/news/2024-05-algorithms-history-persian-polymath-youve.html
Mathematics Wed, 08 May 2024 11:42:05 EDTnews634387323Study of new method used to preserve privacy with US census data suggests accuracy has sufferedA small team of political scientists, statisticians and data scientists from Harvard University, New York University, and Yale University, has found that by switching to a new method to better protect privacy, the U.S. Census Department has introduced factors that reduce accuracy in some cases.
https://phys.org/news/2024-05-method-privacy-census-accuracy.html
Mathematics Political science Mon, 06 May 2024 10:10:02 EDTnews634207338Math degrees are becoming less accessible—and this is a problem for business, government and innovationThere's a strange trend in mathematics education in England. Math is the most popular subject at A-level since overtaking English in 2014. It's taken by around 85,000 and 90,000 students a year.
https://phys.org/news/2024-05-math-degrees-accessible-problem-business.html
Mathematics Education Sun, 05 May 2024 15:50:02 EDTnews633955416New study is first to use statistical physics to corroborate 1940s social balance theoryMost people have heard the famous phrase "the enemy of my enemy is my friend." Now, Northwestern University researchers have used statistical physics to confirm the theory that underlies this famous axiom. The study, "Proper network randomization is key to assessing social balance," is published in the journal Science Advances.
https://phys.org/news/2024-05-statistical-physics-corroborate-1940s-social.html
Mathematics Social Sciences Fri, 03 May 2024 14:00:01 EDTnews633944237Too many vehicles, slow reactions and reckless merging: New math model explains how traffic and bacteria moveWhat do the flow of cars on a highway and the movement of bacteria towards a food source have in common? In both cases, annoying traffic jams can form. Especially for cars, we might want to understand how to avoid them, but perhaps we've never thought of turning to statistical physics.
https://phys.org/news/2024-04-vehicles-reactions-reckless-merging-math.html
Mathematics Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:01 EDTnews633626701Theoretical biologists test two modes of social reasoning and find surprising truths in simplicityImagine a small village where every action someone takes, good or bad, is quietly followed by ever-attentive, nosy neighbors. An individual's reputation is built through these actions and observations, which determines how others will treat them. They help a neighbor and are likely to receive help from others in return; they turn their back on a neighbor and find themselves isolated. But what happens when people make mistakes, when good deeds go unnoticed, or errors lead to unjust blame?
https://phys.org/news/2024-04-theoretical-biologists-modes-social-truths.html
Mathematics Social Sciences Mon, 29 Apr 2024 14:58:39 EDTnews633621516A mathematical bridge between the huge and the tinyA mathematical link between two key equations—one that deals with the very big and the other, the very small—has been developed by a young mathematician in China.
https://phys.org/news/2024-04-mathematical-bridge-huge-tiny.html
Mathematics Mon, 29 Apr 2024 14:58:24 EDTnews633621476New algorithm cuts through 'noisy' data to better predict tipping pointsWhether you're trying to predict a climate catastrophe or mental health crisis, mathematics tells us to look for fluctuations.
https://phys.org/news/2024-04-algorithm-noisy.html
Mathematics Fri, 26 Apr 2024 13:13:04 EDTnews633355982A periodic table of primes: Research team claims that prime numbers can be predictedBoth arithmetic aficionados and the mathematically challenged will be equally captivated by new research that upends hundreds of years of popular belief about prime numbers.
https://phys.org/news/2024-04-breakthrough-prime-theory-primes.html
Mathematics Wed, 03 Apr 2024 11:09:07 EDTnews631361345How can Australia solve the math teacher shortage? It can start by training more existing teachers to teach mathImagine if you enrolled your child in swimming lessons but instead of a qualified swimming instructor, they were taught freestyle technique by a soccer coach.
https://phys.org/news/2024-04-australia-math-teacher-shortage-teachers.html
Mathematics Education Tue, 02 Apr 2024 13:18:03 EDTnews631282681Wrappers delight: The Easter egg equation you never knew you neededThis Easter season, as you tear open those chocolate eggs, have you ever wondered why they're snugly wrapped in foil? Turns out the answer lies within the easter egg equation.
https://phys.org/news/2024-03-wrappers-easter-egg-equation-knew.html
Mathematics Mon, 25 Mar 2024 17:01:25 EDTnews630604884Ice-ray patterns: A rediscovery of past design for the futureChinese ice-ray lattice, or "binglie" as it is called in Chinese, is an intricate pattern that looks like cracked ice and is a common decorative element used in traditional Chinese window designs.
https://phys.org/news/2024-03-ice-ray-patterns-rediscovery-future.html
Mathematics Wed, 20 Mar 2024 10:55:06 EDTnews630150901'I had such fun!', says winner of top math prizeFor Michel Talagrand, who won the Abel mathematics prize on Wednesday, math provided a fun life free from all constraints—and an escape from the eye problems he suffered as a child.
https://phys.org/news/2024-03-fun-winner-math-prize.html
Mathematics Wed, 20 Mar 2024 10:42:51 EDTnews630150165What's Pi Day all about? Math, science, pies and moreMath enthusiasts around the world, from college kids to rocket scientists, celebrate Pi Day on Thursday, which is March 14 or 3/14—the first three digits of an infinite number with many practical uses.
https://phys.org/news/2024-03-pi-day-math-science-pies.html
Mathematics Thu, 14 Mar 2024 04:23:15 EDTnews629608985Paper offers a mathematical approach to modeling a random walker moving across a random landscapeTiny particles like pollen grains move constantly, pushed and pulled by environmental forces. To study this motion, physicists use a "random walk" model—a system in which every step is determined by a random process. Random walks are useful for studying everything from tiny physics to diffusion to financial markets.
https://phys.org/news/2024-03-paper-mathematical-approach-random-walker.html
Mathematics Wed, 13 Mar 2024 09:46:02 EDTnews629541961How do neural networks learn? A mathematical formula explains how they detect relevant patternsNeural networks have been powering breakthroughs in artificial intelligence, including the large language models that are now being used in a wide range of applications, from finance, to human resources to health care. But these networks remain a black box whose inner workings engineers and scientists struggle to understand.
https://phys.org/news/2024-03-neural-networks-mathematical-formula-relevant.html
Mathematics Tue, 12 Mar 2024 07:23:58 EDTnews629447034NASA Pi Day challenge serves up a mathematical marvelMarch 14 marks the annual celebration of the mathematical constant pi, aka the Greek letter π. Its infinite number of digits is usually rounded to 3.14, hence the date of Pi Day. For some people, the occasion marks an annual excuse to eat pizza or pie (or both), but to truly honor this wondrously useful number, a serving of mathematics is in order, too. NASA is here to help.
https://phys.org/news/2024-03-nasa-pi-day-mathematical-marvel.html
Mathematics Education Fri, 08 Mar 2024 12:52:02 ESTnews629124721Drawings of mathematical problems predict their resolutionA team from the University of Geneva (UNIGE), in collaboration with CY Cergy Paris University (CYU) and University of Burgundy (uB), have analyzed drawings made by children and adults when solving simple problems. The scientists found that, whatever the age of the participant, the most effective calculation strategies were associated with certain drawing typologies.
https://phys.org/news/2024-03-mathematical-problems-resolution.html
Mathematics Education Thu, 07 Mar 2024 13:21:04 ESTnews629040062New statistical tool to distinguish shared and unique features in data from different sourcesWhen facing a daunting dataset, Principal Component Analysis (PCA), known as PCA, can help distill complexity by finding a few meaningful features that explain the most significant proportion of the data variance.
https://phys.org/news/2024-03-statistical-tool-distinguish-unique-features.html
Mathematics Fri, 01 Mar 2024 12:42:25 ESTnews628519299Mathematicians prove Pólya's conjecture for the eigenvalues of a disk, a 70-year-old math problemIs it possible to deduce the shape of a drum from the sounds it makes? This is the kind of question that Iosif Polterovich, a professor in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics at Université de Montréal, likes to ask. Polterovich uses spectral geometry, a branch of mathematics, to understand physical phenomena involving wave propagation.
https://phys.org/news/2024-03-mathematicians-plya-conjecture-eigenvalues-disk.html
Mathematics Fri, 01 Mar 2024 10:54:19 ESTnews628512858Anyone can play Tetris, but architects, engineers and animators alike use the math concepts underlying the gameWith its bright colors, easy-to-learn rules and familiar music, the video game Tetris has endured as a pop culture icon over the last 40 years. Many people, like me, have been playing the game for decades, and it has evolved to adapt to new technologies like game systems, phones and tablets. But until January 2024, nobody had ever been able to beat it.
https://phys.org/news/2024-02-play-tetris-architects-animators-alike.html
Mathematics Education Wed, 28 Feb 2024 11:30:03 ESTnews628342201Mathematicians discover how to stop sloshing using porous bafflesStudies by applied mathematicians at the University of Surrey are helping to identify ways of reducing how much liquids slosh around inside tanks.
https://phys.org/news/2024-02-mathematicians-sloshing-porous-baffles.html
Mathematics Tue, 27 Feb 2024 15:57:14 ESTnews628271832Smart learning software helps students study math during lockdowns and beyondIntelligent tutoring systems for math problems helped pupils remain or even increase their performance during the pandemic. This is the conclusion of a new study led by the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) and Loughborough University in the U.K.
https://phys.org/news/2024-02-smart-software-students-math-lockdowns.html
Mathematics Education Tue, 27 Feb 2024 14:28:02 ESTnews628266481