The right squeeze for quantum computing

A new theoretical model involves squeezing light to just the right amount to accurately transmit information using subatomic particles. Scientists at Hokkaido University and Kyoto University report that this theoretical approach ...

Explaining genome pairs

Scientists have unraveled how the cell replication process destabilizes when it has more, or less, than a pair of chromosome sets, each of which is called a genome—a major step toward understanding chromosome instability ...

Giant clams tell the story of past typhoons

A team of researchers led by Tsuyoshi Watanabe of Hokkaido University has discovered that giant clams record short-term environmental changes, such as those caused by typhoons, in their shells. Analyzing the shell's microstructure ...

The far-reaching effects of ocean floors on the sea surface

Low rises on the ocean floor at a depth of 5,500 meters in the western North Pacific regulate surface flows and create sharp sea surface temperature (SST) fronts, which have tremendous effects on the climate and marine resources.

Why noise can enhance sensitivity to weak signals

A team of Japanese researchers has discovered a new mechanism to explain stochastic resonance, in which sensitivity to weak signals is enhanced by noise. The finding is expected to help electronic devices become smaller and ...

Calculating the impacts of natural events on wildlife

A new method could help scientists understand how wildlife populations are affected by major natural events such as hurricanes, severe winters, and tsunamis. The approach suggests the 2011 tsunami had an unexpectedly limited ...

New record set for carbon-carbon single bond length

Hokkaido University researchers have synthesized an organic compound with a longer bond between carbon atoms than ever before—exceeding the assumed limit for carbon-carbon single bond (C-C) lengths. The researchers termed ...

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