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Team describes simple way to generate mouse and bovine cholangiocyte organoids

A cholangiocyte organoid system for Cryptosporidium parvum cultivation and transcriptomic studies of biliary cryptosporidiosis
It depicts the generation of mouse and cattle cholangiocyte organoids, and the complete development of Cryptosporidium parvum in vitro.. Credit: Yaoyu Feng, South China Agricultural University

In a paper published in hLife, a team of Chinese scientists describes simple procedures for generating mouse and bovine cholangiocyte organoids (Chol-orgs) and establishing an in vitro system for culturing Cryptosporidium and transcriptomic studies of biliary cryptosporidiosis.

This study is led by Prof. Feng (College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University) and Prof. Xiao (College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University). The team established a culture system for the cultivation of Cryptosporidium parvum derived from mouse and bovine cholangiocyte organoids (Chol-orgs).

Cryptosporidium parvum is a that causes gastrointestinal disease in humans and animals worldwide. Infection is usually self-limited in immunocompetent individuals, but is a major problem in immunocompromised hosts and a serious health risk in AIDS patients. C. parvum can infect the lining the gallbladder and , resulting in sclerosing cholangitis. However, studies of the mechanisms and host-pathogen interactions are severely limited by the lack of accessible cultures and models of biliary cryptosporidiosis.

This team described simple procedures for the generation of mouse and bovine Chol-orgs, and the establishment of an in vitro model of biliary cryptosporidiosis. Chol-orgs expressing stem and biliary cell markers could be maintained for more than three months and stored in liquid nitrogen for more than a year. The Chol-orgs allow the complete development of C. parvum in vitro, producing oocysts that are infectious to mice. In RNA-seq analysis, C. parvum upregulates host immune and , and downregulates metabolic and signaling pathways involved in cell growth and proliferation.

The results of this study provide a convenient method to study Cryptosporidium-host interactions and biliary cryptosporidiosis. The cholangiocyte organoid culture system will greatly facilitate further studies on the pathogenesis and effective therapies for AIDS cholangiopathy and other liver infections.

More information: Miner Deng et al, A cholangiocyte organoid system for Cryptosporidium parvum cultivation and transcriptomic studies of biliary cryptosporidiosis, hLife (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.hlife.2024.05.001

Provided by Tsinghua University Press

Citation: Team describes simple way to generate mouse and bovine cholangiocyte organoids (2024, July 8) retrieved 19 July 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-07-team-simple-generate-mouse-bovine.html
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