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Return-to-work programs may have a hidden cost to women, according to study

professional women
Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain

Researchers explored experiences of professional women re-entering the workforce after taking time off for family reasons. The research focused on returner programs—employer-sponsored initiatives designed to ease the transition back into professional roles.

The study reveals a complex picture. While returner programs offer valuable support and mitigate some of the associated with breaks, they fall short of addressing persistent discrimination.

The study found a troubling paradox:

  • Returner programs may reduce the risk of immediate stigma but don't address deeper issues.
  • Women who successfully re-enter their professions often experience occupational downgrading and limited career progression. Notably, the research suggests this is particularly true in the .

Dr. Cecile Guillaume, lead author of the study, Reader in Work, Employment and Organisation Studies, and the Surrey Business School Director of Internationalisation, said, "While returner programs are a positive step in supporting women re-entering the , our research suggests they have limitations.

"We found that these programs can address some of the initial hurdles, but they don't dismantle the systemic inequalities that lead to occupational downgrading and hinder career progression for women. A multi-pronged approach that tackles both individual challenges and broader societal barriers is necessary to create a truly equitable workplace for all."

The research highlights the programs' role in helping women overcome the stigma often attached to career gaps. Through supportive elements like coaching and mentoring, as well as access to professional networks, these programs can empower women to re-enter their fields.

However, the study goes beyond simply identifying barriers; it also highlights the "hidden costs" of returner programs. Many participants reported significant financial investments to participate, such as interview training and professional certifications. Additionally, the research suggests that even with successful re-entry, women may face long-term career consequences.

The study emphasizes the limitations of individual and organizational coping mechanisms. While these strategies may help women navigate daily workplace interactions, they don't dismantle systemic inequalities.

Dr. Guillaume continued, "There is a need for broader societal shifts to address structural and cultural barriers that continue to disadvantage women returning to work. Only then can we create a truly inclusive and equitable workplace for at all stages of their careers."

This study has been published in the journal Sociology.

More information: Cécile Guillaume et al, The Fate of Being a 'Distressed Asset': Insights into Women Returners' Experiences in the UK, Sociology (2024). DOI: 10.1177/00380385241257480

Journal information: Sociology

Citation: Return-to-work programs may have a hidden cost to women, according to study (2024, July 9) retrieved 20 July 2024 from
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