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Engineering eco-friendly solvents: An AI approach for carbon capture, biomass processing

Engineering eco-friendly solvents: AI approach for carbon capture, biomass processing
ORNL researchers are using artificial intelligence to speed the identification of environmentally friendly solvents for industrial applications. Credit: Andy Sproles/ORNL, U.S. Dept. of Energy

Oak Ridge National Laboratory scientists have developed a method leveraging artificial intelligence to accelerate the identification of environmentally friendly solvents for industrial carbon capture, biomass processing, rechargeable batteries and other applications. The paper is published in the Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation.

The research targets a class of solvents known for being nontoxic, biodegradable, highly stable, cost-effective, and reusable.

The scientists developed a method to predict solvent viscosity—a key property impacting performance for industrial applications. They compiled nearly 5,000 on 672 solvents, evaluated quantum chemical features that guide solvent molecular interactions, and deployed an algorithm called categorical boosting to quickly parse the data and determine the best candidates.

"We reduced computational time and complexity with our approach, while still incorporating all possible molecular interactions," said ORNL's Mohan Mood.

ORNL's Michelle Kidder said, "Interpretable machine learning helps us to design solvents with desired properties for by reducing experimental time and cost in the laboratory."

More information: Mood Mohan et al, Accurate Machine Learning for Predicting the Viscosities of Deep Eutectic Solvents, Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation (2024). DOI: 10.1021/acs.jctc.3c01163

Citation: Engineering eco-friendly solvents: An AI approach for carbon capture, biomass processing (2024, July 9) retrieved 12 July 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-07-eco-friendly-solvents-ai-approach.html
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