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Terahertz flexible multiplexing chip enabled by synthetic topological phase transitions

Terahertz flexible multiplexing chip enabled by synthetic topological phase transitions
The blue and red rays represent different subchannels over the frequency domain. The subchannel switching is operated at the cost of a temporal guard frame determined by the switching time of interlayer distance d. The insets show the simplified diagram of the energy bands with a TP transition mechanism. Credit: Science China Press

The terahertz band is a gap band between microwave and infrared, and has shown great application potential in many cutting-edge information fields such as 6G communications. Terahertz silicon-based photonics has many advantages such as high transmission efficiency and is an effective platform for realizing terahertz devices.

However, how to implement devices with richer functions in the terahertz band or expand device control capabilities is still a hot research topic in terahertz integrated photonics.

In a study published in the journal National Science Review, researchers proposed a chip design method based on topological interlayer coupling regulation. This method uses the interlayer coupling strength of the bilayer valley to regulate the Hamiltonian of the bilayer topological photonic system:

H = HT + HB + HTB

Where HT and HB represent the Hamiltonian of the top and bottom photonic lattice respectively, while HTB is used to describe the Hamiltonian generated due to interlayer coupling.

By regulating the distance between layers, the system can be effectively controlled to be in a coupled state or a decoupled state, and the interlayer coupling Hamiltonian HTB can be adjusted to control the topological phase transitions of the photonic system. Due to the bulk-edge correspondence, the topological edge states before and after the phase transition can be distributed in different spatial paths.

Terahertz flexible multiplexing chip enabled by synthetic topological phase transitions
(a) Experimental set-up of the photonic transmission system carrying single-subchannel 2.5-GHz broadband 16-QAM signals. (b) Relationship between the transmission data rate and the BER achieved in the chip. The insets of (b) show the constellations of transmitted 16-QAM signals below the HD-FEC threshold marked by red and blue stars. Credit: Science China Press

In order to verify the potential application value of the technical solution in next-generation communications, the research team conducted relevant tests on the terahertz communication performance of the chip. The multiplexing chip achieves 10 Gbps and 12 Gbps 16-QAM signal transmission on two switchable channels of 120 GHz and 130 GHz respectively, with available bandwidths of 2.5 GHz and 3 GHz respectively.

This work enriches the methods of on-chip channel manipulation, further promotes the application of topological photonics in advanced communication systems and devices, and may inspire more novel physical mechanisms and phenomena in bilayer and multi-layer topological systems.

More information: Hang Ren et al, Terahertz flexible multiplexing chip enabled by synthetic topological phase transitions, National Science Review (2024). DOI: 10.1093/nsr/nwae116

Citation: Terahertz flexible multiplexing chip enabled by synthetic topological phase transitions (2024, May 8) retrieved 15 June 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-05-terahertz-flexible-multiplexing-chip-enabled.html
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