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Team observes two distinct holographic patterns with ultrafast imaging

Strong-field photoelectron holography in the subcycle limit
(a) Experimental schematic and (b) measured unique photoelectron holography from molecular nitrogen. The intercycle interference effect was substantially suppressed when utilizing near-single-cycle Vis/NIR laser pulses, allowing the observation of two distinct holographic patterns (spider-leg-like (dashed curve) and fishbone-like (dash-dotted lines)) in a single-measurement setup. The observed holographic pattern contains a wealth of information, including the Gouy phase effect on rescattering electron wavepackets and the internuclear separation of the target molecule. Credit: Tsendsuren Khurelbaatar, Xuanyang Lai, Dong Eon Kim

A team of scientists led by Professor Dong Eon Kim at the Pohang University of Science and Technology and Professor X. Lai at the Innovation Academy for Precision Measurement Science and Technology has achieved a breakthrough in ultrafast imaging by separately and clearly observing two distinct holographic patterns, spider-leg- and fishbone-like, for the first time.

The team utilized near-single-cycle laser pulses not only to unveil and identify spider-leg-like and fishbone-like patterns, but also the Gouy phase effect on the electron hologram. This work opens an avenue for correctly extracting the internuclear separation of a target molecule from a holographic pattern.

The is published in the journal Light: Science & Applications.

Traditional imaging methods, such as X-ray diffraction, have limitations in capturing the rapid movement of electrons within . This new approach, based on strong-field photoelectron holography (SFPH), promises to revolutionize our understanding of these fundamental building blocks with an unprecedented resolution.

By using carrier-envelope-phase-controlled, near-single-cycle laser pulses, the team was able to clearly visualize and identify distinct holographic patterns, revealing details of electron dynamics within a target molecule because inter-cycle interference patterns that had previously hampered SFPH measurements were suppressed.

"For the first time, these patterns have been directly observed," explained Professor Kim. "Our approach allows us to control electron behavior on an attosecond timescale [an attosecond is a billionth of a billionth of a second]."

The researchers demonstrated the power of their method by extracting structural information about the target molecule. The results find applications in fields ranging from chemistry and biology to materials science.

Importantly, this new approach is simpler than previous methods that often require multiple measurements. This advancement is versatile, with the potential to be combined with other techniques to provide even more and insights.

"Our work opens up exciting avenues for studying and controlling ," said Professor Kim.

More information: Tsendsuren Khurelbaatar et al, Strong-field photoelectron holography in the subcycle limit, Light: Science & Applications (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s41377-024-01457-7

Journal information: Light: Science & Applications

Provided by Light Publishing Center, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics And Physics, CAS

Citation: Team observes two distinct holographic patterns with ultrafast imaging (2024, May 10) retrieved 22 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-05-team-distinct-holographic-patterns-ultrafast.html
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