This article has been reviewed according to Science X's editorial process and policies. Editors have highlighted the following attributes while ensuring the content's credibility:

fact-checked

peer-reviewed publication

proofread

Closed loop for circular economy: New polymer recycling strategy ensures both high stability and complete recyclability

Closed loop for circular economy: new polymer recycling strategy ensures both high stability and complete recyclability
In a new study, researchers from Japan proposed a new recycling strategy that facilitates material recycling without any loss in their properties. In “closed-loop” recycling, a polymer film composed of polyacrylate-based microparticles is disassembled into individual microparticles, which can be reassembled to form the film without losing any properties. This process could also be applied to recycle polymer microparticles in composite materials. Credit: Daisuke Suzuki from Shinshu University

The ever-increasing generation of plastic solid waste has resulted in global plastic pollution both on land and in the oceans. Projections show that plastic waste will double in the next 20 years, causing further environmental problems. Large amounts of plastic waste are, at present, incinerated or deposited in landfills. This not only degrades the environment but also depletes valuable resources.

In this light, plastics such as polymers is a promising sustainable alternative for waste management. But this involves the breaking of chemical bonds between monomers (building blocks of polymers), which diminishes their overall stability and quality. Addressing this concern, researchers have developed methods to recycle polymers in a "," that is, without the loss of these properties. However, these methods are complicated and expensive and require specialized monomers, necessitating further innovation.

In this direction, a group of researchers led by Daisuke Suzuki, an Associate Professor at Shinshu University, has recently proposed a closed-loop recycling process based on microparticles. Their work, co-authored by Dr. Takumi Watanabe and Dr. Haruka Minato of Shinshu University, has been published in Green Chemistry.

Prof. Suzuki briefly explains the rationale behind their strategy: "Recycling materials without deterioration (closed-loop recycling) is attractive in terms of reducing anthropogenic waste. However, this currently remains very difficult given that there usually is a trade-off between mechanical stability and degradability of polymer materials."

"Our material recycling concept with microparticles enables the recycling of a huge amount of functional polymer materials that we use in our day-to-day lives and has the potential to solve the problems of resource depletion and environmental pollution."

Credit: Green Chemistry (2023). DOI: 10.1039/D3GC00090G

In their study, the authors prepared polymer microparticles via the aqueous emulsion polymerization of methyl acrylate (MA) monomers in water, which resulted in . These aggregated to form a solution containing uniform spherical poly-MA microparticles. The solution was then dried to get a thin polymer film with physical (as opposed to chemical) cross-linking among the microparticles, which could be reobtained by dissolving the film in ethanol. These recycled microparticles, in turn, could be reused to form various recycled materials.

The films synthesized in this work exhibit several desirable properties, which they retain upon recycling. They have high mechanical stability and fracture energy, which is an indicator of their toughness. The latter property increases with the interfacial thickness between the poly-MA microparticles. This, in turn, decreases with the degree of interparticle cross-linking but increases upon heating the film.

The researchers further enhanced the fracture energy of the polymer films by mixing the microparticles with silica nanofillers. Moreover, adding colored pigments gave the resulting composite films tunable optical properties, which did not diminish upon recycling. These results suggest that closed-loop recycling based on polymer microparticles will enable resource circulation for polymers as well as numerous other that contain polymer microparticles to create adhering interfaces between their different layers.

Credit: Green Chemistry (2023). DOI: 10.1039/D3GC00090G

Prof. Suzuki says, "Our concept can lead to the production of fully recyclable films with high fracture energy. Therefore, it will enable the recycling of huge amounts of various polymer materials, thus reducing waste and potentially solving the problems of environmental degradation and plastic pollution."

The "closed"-loop recycling strategy certainly "opens" new doors for the efficient and sustainable recycling of polymer !

More information: Takumi Watanabe et al, Closed-loop recycling of microparticle-based polymers, Green Chemistry (2023). DOI: 10.1039/D3GC00090G

Journal information: Green Chemistry

Provided by Shinshu University

Citation: Closed loop for circular economy: New polymer recycling strategy ensures both high stability and complete recyclability (2023, March 23) retrieved 28 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-03-loop-circular-economy-polymer-recycling.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

Technology transforms plastic waste bottles into polymers for lithium-ion batteries

29 shares

Feedback to editors