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New data gives NOAA more extensive picture of global climate

New data gives NOAA more extensive picture of global climate
A NOAA crew deploying an Argo float, which provides real-time climate data about the ocean. Credit: NOAA

NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) is updating its current global climate dataset to provide more information about the Earth's climate, while also extending the planet's observed temperature record by 30 years.

The update to NCEI's current NOAA Global Temperature dataset—one of the most visible and widely used to assess global climate—will make its debut in the upcoming January 2023 global climate report to be released on February 14, 2023. This new dataset will expand upon and replace the current one that has been used since 2019.

"This new version of NOAA's global surface temperature dataset is part of NCEI's commitment to provide a complete and comprehensive perspective of the Earth's climate," said NCEI director Deke Arndt. "Regular updates to our datasets help us expand our understanding of our dynamic planet."

There are two major additions in this update:

  • More data for the Arctic region are included, as well as new scientific methods for monitoring climate in other locations with limited climate data.
  • Using improved methodology to analyze NCEI's archival land and ocean observations, 30 more years will be added to the world's current climate record, which will now extend to 1850.

NOAA's Global Temperature datasets consist of data from across the world's land surface, as well as ocean surface data from ships, buoys, surface drifters, profiling floats and other uncrewed automatic systems. Until recently, however, monitoring around the Arctic and Antarctic has been more challenging due to fewer temperature observations in these regions.

The updated version now includes data from more buoys from around the Arctic, along with enhanced methods of calculating temperatures in the Earth's polar regions.

The new version of NOAA's Global Temperature dataset shows similar warming trends in the Earth's climate when compared to the previous version, indicating that short-and long-term climate trends remain consistent across datasets.

This new information comes at a critical time in the Earth's climate history. The Arctic is the fastest-warming region in the world, warming at least three times faster than any other region. The top-10 warmest years on record for the globe have all occurred after 2010. The last nine years (2014–2022) have been the warmest on record.

Provided by NOAA Headquarters

Citation: New data gives NOAA more extensive picture of global climate (2023, February 13) retrieved 25 September 2023 from
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