'Nanoreactor' grows hydrogen-storage crystals

'Nanoreactor' grows hydrogen-storage crystals
Textural and morphological characteristics of the synthesized activated carbon PPAC. a) N2 adsorption (full circles)/desorption (empty circles) isotherm measured in a manometric equipment at 77 K. The N2 isotherm demonstrates the presence of a widely developed porous structure combining micro- and mesopores. b) Pore size distribution (PSD) obtained after application of the quenched solid density functional method—QSDFT (slit-shaped, equilibrium model). The PSD profile confirms the presence of narrow micropores, around 1 nm, and some mesopores in the region around 2–3 nm. c) Hg porosimetry profile shows the presence of large mesopores and macropores in sample PPAC. These large cavities are due to the voids created after the removal of the activating agent. d) FESEM and e TEM images of the petroleum-pitch activated carbon—PPAC (micropores, mesopores and macropores can be appreciated). Credit: Nature Communications (2022). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-33674-2

Neutron scattering techniques were used as part of a study of a novel "nanoreactor" material that grows crystalline hydrogen clathrates, or HCs, capable of storing hydrogen. The researchers, from ORNL and the University of Alicante, or UA, were inspired by nature, where methane hydrates grow in the pores and voids within natural sediments.

The nanoreactor material consists of a chemically optimized, porous activated that can confine at the with excellent thermal stability as high as -27.7 degrees Fahrenheit. Pure liquid water, without additives, is all that is needed to promote HC formation. Nearly 100% of the water is converted into HCs in just minutes—at a 30% lower pressure than required in conventional HC production.

"The ability to store hydrogen at lower pressures and higher temperatures is a step toward potentially using these crystalline hydrates for hydrogen storage in stationary and mobile applications," said UA's Joaquin Silvestre-Albero.

The study appears in Nature Communications.

More information: Judit Farrando-Perez et al, Rapid and efficient hydrogen clathrate hydrate formation in confined nanospace, Nature Communications (2022). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-33674-2

Journal information: Nature Communications

Citation: 'Nanoreactor' grows hydrogen-storage crystals (2022, October 20) retrieved 29 March 2023 from https://phys.org/news/2022-10-nanoreactor-hydrogen-storage-crystals.html
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