Australians less likely to use social media as an information source in a natural disaster
New Charles Darwin University (CDU) research suggest that people are less likely to use social media as an information source during a natural disaster, instead using traditional media and authorities' websites for critical information.
The study, an Australian first, has investigated both users and non-users' attitudes towards social media as an authoritative source for information during natural disasters, such as bushfires or in floods.
CDU Associate Professor Kerstin Zander, from the Northern Institute, said the research was important to understand the wider community's attitudes and behaviors towards social media channels during natural disasters.
"We found that 65 percent of respondents who experienced a natural disaster did not use social media to look for real-time information at the time," Associate Professor Zander said.
"Households with children, who played a role in gathering information, were more likely to use social media for information during disasters."
"So not only does this mean social media has so much more potential in its reach during natural disasters, but there is a big gap in understanding people's attitudes towards social media because most studies into social media use during disasters look at online behavior."
The research was based on a survey of 1665 adults across Australia asking them about their social media use, and their use of it during a natural disaster. About 34 percent of the respondents had experienced a flood or a bushfire emergency.
The results and findings of the survey was published recently in the International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction.
Co-author Rifka Sibarani said the more people trusted social media, the more they agreed that it was the best place to look for real-time information during emergencies.
"Those that trusted social media were 50 percent more likely to use the platforms to gather information during emergencies, than those that did not trust the platform," Associate Professor Zander said.
"This might be concerning when you consider that 40 percent of people did not trust social media. More than half (53 percent) of the social media users thought that there are too many irrelevant messages on social media to find what they wanted."
Associate Professor Zander said there was still a lot of potential for social media in its impact in emergency response and dissemination of information.
"In the future, authorities will likely rely on social media for decision-making and emergency communications, but misinformation and mistrust could have an impact," she said.
"Social media is a powerful, real-time tool for authorities to get information out. About 90 percent of people who use social media during a natural disaster, use it to gather information."
More information: Kerstin K. Zander et al, How do Australians use social media during natural hazards? A survey, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction (2022). DOI: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2022.103207
Provided by Charles Darwin University